2020 Brothertown Calendar of Events


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Tonight, February 7th at 8pm CT, the Peacemakers will be hosting their monthly meeting on Zoom. Everyone, enrolled or not, is invited to attend. https://zoom.us/j/272190735

Sunday February 16th at 10am CT will be the next Council/General Membership meeting. This event will also be attend-able via Zoom but only for enrolled citizens. If you have not already signed up for online Council meetings, please fill out this short form to do so: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSffhwOkN5PAj8_mwyNk7v6ZFIidZZ48GCZY0oS6gAH46WDzgw/viewform

Calumet and Cross Heritage Society will be hosting an all day singing event at Union Cemetery in Brothertown, Wisconsin on June 27th with dinner coordinated at a nearby home.  Everyone is invited to attend and to sing (shape note style) to our ancestors and honor headman Thomas Commuck on this year’s 175th anniversary of the release of his Indian Melodies.

Here is a list of additional 2020 Brothertown events:

Rocks and Gems Book Released By Brothertown Artist

Congratulations to Brothertown author and artist Suzette Fell Buhr on the release of her new book, Mama Rae’s Rocks And Rhymes!  

Suzette emailed this morning saying, “over the last 4 years, I have been slowly working on a book about my hobby of rocks, gems and minerals. Many of you have seen my Designs in a Nutshell necklaces and they are also on display in this book on pages 131, 205, and 221.  I finally finished this book and it’s officially published on Amazon.com now! The title is: Mama Rae’s Rocks and Rhymes. Check it out! And share it with all your friends and co-workers! Here is the link   https://www.amazon.com/dp/1734328401 ”

Over the years, Suzette has created many one-of-a-kind black walnut shell necklaces with gemstones embedded in them.  Here are photos of some of her beautiful creations:

Congratulations, Suzette!

Peacemaker’s Procedural Guidelines


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The Brothertown Indian Nation Peacemakers are working on updating their Procedural Guidelines and are looking for input from citizens.  Please see their note and click on the document link at the bottom:
Aquy fellow Citizens and relatives!
  Your Peacemakers are moving to update the GRIEVANCE PROCEDURAL GUIDELINES.  We want you to look over the procedures and offer comments. You have until March 31, 2020 to offer suggestions and comments. You can make your comments through this website or you may contact the Peacemakers directly by emailing us atpeacemakers@brothertownindians.org  We want to be sure that YOUR voice is heard!
Brothertown Indian Nation Peacemakers


Brothertown Stories Wanted

Dear Brothertown friends and family,

I am looking for Brothertown-related stories, photos, thoughts, and memories for an upcoming publication whose working title is “The Collected Stories of the Eeyawquittoowauconnuck or Brothertown Indians”.

Stories are a fundamental part of who we are.  More than just an ageless form of entertainment, stories teach us how to interpret and navigate the world around us.  They teach us what is important to know and help us to define ourselves. Similarly, a nation’s stories help to define that nation’s unique perspectives and history through the highlighting of important cultural beliefs, traditions, historical events and/or citizens.   The telling of its stories helps to ensure the continued success, longevity, and cohesiveness of a nation.  Stories needn’t be long or even necessarily entertaining to accomplish this objective; all they need to do is exemplify something unique pertaining to that nation.

Just as important as the telling of its stories is that a nation tell its own stories.  As much as I love reading about Brothertown by outside authors, we are uniquely qualified to tell our own stories from a Brothertown perspective.  Let’s share with others Brothertown’s unique history, culture, and citizens and preserve our stories, thoughts, and memories for our great grandchildren’s great grandchildren.

EVERY Brothertown descendant is invited to contribute. Maybe you’d like to share something about a particular Brothertown ancestor, event, object, or place?   Maybe you’d like to talk about your involvement in Tribal activities or your thoughts on Brothertown today or your hopes for it tomorrow?  If you’re Brothertown, you have a story, thought, or memory that you can share.

Stories can be in any form:  hard copy or digital, written, photos, drawings, carvings, crafts or whatever you feel is important to share.   Whether you would like to tell your story verbally or visually, I would love to hear it.  Some stories may be shared here on this blog, and/or the Tribal newsletter and it is anticipated that all stories and photos collected will be printed in book format with all profits going towards a Brothertown scholarship(s).  Stories can be any length—from 1 sentence or photo to hundreds.  If you’d like to share a brief memory (such as getting together with Brothertown relatives at Grandma’s house) but don’t think that makes for enough of a story, think again!  ALL memories, thoughts, and stories are welcome.

If you’re just not the sort who likes to write, feel free to leave me a phone number and I’d be happy to call you back and take notes and then write something up and run it past you for your approval.  Please ask your Brothertown relatives to share their stories as well.  Together, we can create a valuable keepsake of important personal and historical stories, photos, thoughts, and memories about and by the Brothertown Indians.  Please help.

To submit your story, ask questions, or leave a phone number please do so here:  submissions/questions 

Thank you,


Remembering Our Veterans

Thank you to all veterans (past, present, and future) who step up and work to make our world a better place. Thank you also to their families who sacrifice so much.

If you were asked to form a mental picture of American soldiers in Iraq, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Korea, World War I or II, the Civil War, or the Revolutionary War, would any of your mental images include Native Americans? If not, all of them should. Native Americans have fought for their country in every single war the US has waged. In fact, Native Americans currently have the highest rate of representation (19%) amongst all ethnicities active in the Armed Forces since 9/11 (veteranaid.org). The Brothertown Indians are no exception and have sent soldiers to fight in every US war.

Following are the names of some of the Brothertown Indians who have served their country:

The Revolutionary War (1775-1783)*:

John Adams

Samuel Adams

Solomon Adams

Timothy Brushel

Andrew Curricomb

Christopher Harry

Joseph Johnson

Daniel Mossuck

James Niles

Thomas Occoom

David Occom

Thomas Patchauker

John Paul

Abraham Simons

Emanual Simons

James Simons

John Skeesuck

Benjamin Toucee

Roger Wauby

The Civil War (1861 – 1865)**:

Arthur Adams

George Baker

George Baldwin

Cyrenus Bostwick

Franklin Bostwick

Henry W.F. Bostwick

George W. Brushel

Samuel Brushel

Erwin C. Bulman

Grisel Bulman

Moses J. Coffeen

Charles Coleman

Thomas M. Commuck

Worthington Commuck

Albert D. Cottrell

John B. Coyhis

Zac Coyhis

Hoel R. Crowell

John Morris DeGroat

Asa D. Dick

Benjamin Dick

Charles W. Dick

David Dick

Edgar Morris Dick

Franklin M. Dick

Hubbard Dick

Jacob Dick

John W. Dick

Lucius C. Dick

Orlando D. Dick

Samuel H. Dick

Merrill Fiddler

Israel Fowler

James D. Fowler

Layton Fowler

Lyman Palmer Fowler

Orin Gridley Fowler

William Fowler

Alexander Hammar

George Hammar

Hamilton Hammar

Henry Hammar

Jarus Hammar

John Hammar

John Hammar

John C. Hammar

James A Hart

Orville Amon Hart

Daniel E. Jacques

Ansel J. Johnson

George A. Johnson

Henry Johnson

Henry C. Johnson

Isaac Johnson

Joseph M. Johnson

Lewis Johnson

Loren Murry Johnson

Melville Johnson

Nathaniel H. Johnson

Orlando F. Johnson

Orin Johnson

Oscar Johnson

Ovondo F. Johnson

William H. Johnson

Melvill Johnson

Thomas G. Keeville

George Kindness

James H. Kindness

Lewis Kindness

Orlander Kindness

Solomon Niles

David Occom-Paul

Benjamin Palmer

Rhodolphus Paul

John Pendelton

Melancthon Peters

William Peters

Henry Potter

William H. Reed

Aaron Roberts

George F. Sampson

James J. Sampson

Joel J. Sampson

Julius J. Sampson

Elisha N. Schooner

Luther O. Schooner

John Sears

David Shelley

Henry F. Shelley

John Shelley

Lewis A. Shelley

Simon Shelley, Jr.

Simon Shelley, Sr.

John Simons

John Skeesuck

James Madison Skeesuck

Rufus Skeesuck

Simon Skeesuck

Solomon Skeesuck

Sylvester Skeesuck

Thomas Tokus

Henry Tousey

Aaron Wauby

Lewis F. Wauby

Charles Welch

Cyrus Welch

Hira Welch

Horace Welch

Leroy Welch

Lewis Welch

Erastus Welch, Jr.

Erastus W. Welch

Syranious Welch

Syreannous Welch

William Welch, Jr.

Eli Wiggins

Hiram Wiggins

Ira D. Wiggins

Leander Wiggins

Martin Wiggins

Son Wiggins

Romance Wyatt


We Keep a Fire For the Dead”
We keep a fire for the dead whose spirits walk before us

Who, shoes exchanged for eagle’s wings, now sing angelic chorus

Though they no longer walk the land in Brothertown today

Our hearts remain forevermore where’er our brethren lay

~Megan Fulopp


*http://brothertownindians.org/image/cache/The_Revolutionary_War_-_WS.pdf; accessed 11/11/19.

**http://brothertownindians.org/image/cache/The_Civil_War_Brothertown_-_WS.pdf; accessed 11/11/19.


It’s Official-Happy Eeyawquittoowauconnuck Day!

November 7, 1785 is the date that the Reverend Samson Occom (Mohegan/Brothertown) recorded in his journal as being the day that the Indians who had emigrated from the 7 towns “formed into a body politick”. Occom tells us that the name that was chosen for the town was Brotherton, or “in Indian, Eeyawquittoowaucconuck”(https://collections.dartmouth.edu/occom/html/diplomatic/785554-diplomatic.html). At their meeting on October 20, 2019, the Brothertown Indian Nation Council passed a resolution to celebrate Eeyawquittowaucconuck/Brothertown Day annually on November 7th.  The institution of this holiday is not only a reminder of Brothertown’s past but is a defining moment for the Tribe’s future and a day that our citizens will be celebrating.

E day

November Council Meeting To Be Broadcast Live

Brothertown citizens will once again be allowed to join the Brothertown Indian Nation Council meeting via the internet on Saturday, November 16 at 10am Central Time.

If you’re a member and did not fill out a verification form last year, please follow this link to do so: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSffhwOkN5PAj8_mwyNk7v6ZFIidZZ48GCZY0oS6gAH46WDzgw/viewform?usp=sf_link
If you have previously filled out the verification form, there is no need to do so again.  In either case, login information will be emailed to you no later than the week of the meeting.
While all citizens are always welcome and encouraged to attend Council and General Membership meetings in person, due to financial, time, or health-related reasons, that is not always a realistic possibility for the approximately 48% of enrollees who live outside of the state of Wisconsin (2014 Brothertown/ANA Grant Narrative, pp18-20.) or, in some cases, even those in state.  Allowing  citizens to connect via Zoom (which allows phone-ins as well) ensures that everyone has the chance to be involved with the Tribe and with their fellow citizens.  Don’t miss the opportunity!

Welch Family Donates Tribal Record Book

Mr Welch donation

Above:  Russel Welch and wife Jan present the Records of the Brothertown Indians to Chairman Robert Fowler

At the Tribal Council meeting in June, the Brothertown Indian Nation received a very generous donation from Mr. and Mrs. Russel Welch: a 231-year-old Brothertown Indian Record book. Records of the Brothertown Indians, as the book’s cover reads, was originally begun by our ancestors in 1788 in New York. It continued to be updated regularly with important Brothertown correspondence and records until 1810 and was updated once more in the year 1901. Since the late 1800’s, the book has been safeguarded and passed down through the generations of the Fowler/Kindness/Welch families until its donation on the 15th day of this past June.

“My main concern is that this book is kept safe,” said Mr. Welch. “After much thought about where to pass this book next, I decided it should be kept in Fond du Lac with the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin.”

First cousin Cheri Welch, who was present at the event, said it was “very emotional for many of us. It gave me goosebumps and kind of choked me up.”

Councilwoman Jessica Ryan, who described the book as “absolutely beautiful” with “exquisite handwriting,” admitted that “as a lawyer, and as a judge, it is especially humbling to read, in our own historic record book, how our ancestors and relatives worked together to honor that long-time cultural value of finding, returning to, and maintaining that place of balance and harmony among our People.”

Mr. Welch remembers that he first learned about the book when he was 6 or 7 years old. It had been given to his father, Corliss in 1934 and was always kept protected and on a shelf in a closet. The book passed on to Russel when his father died in 1975. Corliss had received the book from his aunt, Lura Fowler Kindness who, in turn, had received it from her father, William Fowler. The family is not certain how William came to have the book. However, page 270 of Annals and Recollections of Oneida County (New York) may offer clues of its whereabouts prior to Mr. Fowler’s ownership: “Some time in the year 1850, the tribe now at Green Bay sent by a messenger for both books but for some reason the messenger did not obtain the book containing their town records, but did that containing their judicial proceedings [now more commonly known as the Peacemaker’s Record Book and a part of The Brothertown Collection] which he took to Green Bay.”

Throughout the years, the family received several offers from private collectors to purchase the book and from the Wisconsin Historical Society seeking its donation. One such incident was memorialized by Native American researcher Coe Hayne in 1934. After visiting and speaking with the Brothertown Indians still living in Brothertown, Wisconsin, he wrote a five-page paper on the history of the Tribe and its people which he titled The Long Trail of the Brothertown Indians. In this paper, Hayne mentions that he visited with Mrs. Lura Fowler Kindness who showed him the book and told him, “There were antique hunters in our village a few years ago. They asked me to sell this record book to them. I would as soon part with my life.

 Below: Mrs. Lura Fowler Kindness with Records of the Brothertown Indians c 1930’sLura fowler kindness with record book

Councilwoman Ryan speaks for each of us when she says, “heartfelt gratitude to the family for donating this to the Tribe and for the generations of Brothertowners that have cared for this collection of historic writings.” Thank you, Mr. and Mrs. Welch, for your very generous and priceless donation.

Happy Samson Occom Day!


Samson Occom

Brothertown has been blessed throughout the centuries with industrious, well-educated, and noteworthy citizens who have spent their lives in service to their people and others. Joseph Johnson, David Fowler, William Fowler, Alonzo D. Dick, W. H. Dick, and Thomas Commuck are a few of these names. Probably the most well-known, however, is the name of Samson Occom (Mohegan/Brothertown).

Occom’s notoriety goes well beyond Brothertown, Native America, and the century in which he lived. He was instrumental in the founding of Dartmouth College, helped establish the communities of Marshall and Deansboro in New York and assisted in founding the Brothertown Tribe; all of which continue to exist today. He wrote hymns that are still sung, was the first person to publish an interdenominational hymnal, wrote the first Native American autobiography, and kept journals that are read and studied in classroom settings around the world. He was the second Native American to be published (about 6 months after son-in-law Joseph Johnson (Mohegan/Brothertown)) and the first to be published internationally when his, A Sermon Preached at the Execution of Moses Paul was printed and sold in Europe.

Occom died in New York on July 14, 1792. Although he was a Presbyterian minister, the Episcopal Church has set this date aside as an annual feast day in tribute to him.  Interestingly, the only canonized Native American saint in the Catholic Church, Kateri Tekakwitha, shares Occom’s July 14th feast day.

Upcoming Zoom Event

This Sunday, July 14th, at 7pm CT/8pm ET/5pm PT and MT, Brothertown Forward will be hosting a Zoom event with Brothertown Tribal Historic Preservation Officer, Courtney Cottrell and Northwestern University undergraduate, Brad Dubos.  Courtney will provide a brief explanation on the process and importance of a close working relationship between the Tribe and researchers while Brad will be speaking about his dissertation research.  Part of this research focuses on Brothertown co-founder “Samson Occom and his Choice Collection of Hymns and Spiritual Songs (1774) and its impact on the ways people navigated the NY settlement”.

Everyone is welcome to attend this event.
To login on your internet device, please use this link:  https://zoom.us/j/361305834

To join by telephone, dial the number closest to your location:
+1 646 876 9923 US (New York)
+1 669 900 6833 US (San Jose)
Then enter Meeting ID: 361 305 834

This event will be recorded with a copy placed on Brothertown Forward’s YouTube channel (https://m.youtube.com/channel/UCVyIbYm-3pJ-sJ-XsXm6rog/videos).  Participation acknowledges acceptance of such.