, , , , , , , ,

230 years ago, nine years after the fledgling nation of the United States had declared itself to be free and independent of the long arm of English rule, another fledgling nation, standing upon the same soil, also declared itself to be a new nation.

Similar to the United States, which was a “melting pot” of nationalities, so too was this new nation. It was comprised of Christianized Indians from the Mohegan, Niantic, Narragansett, Pequot (from the towns of Stonington and Groton), Montauk, and Tunxis Tribes. The formal founding of this new nation occurred in Oneida County, New York and was recorded in a journal by the Reverend Samson Occom, an ordained Mohegan/Brothertown minister.

On a Monday, the 7th day of November in 1785 Occom wrote,

But now we proceeded to form into a Body Politick we Named our Town -by the Name of Brotherton, in Indian Eeyawquittoowauconnuck  J. Fowler was chosen clarke for the Town. Roger Waupieh, David Fowler, Elijah Wympy, John Tuhy, and Abraham Simon were chosen a Committee or Trustees for the Town, for a year and for the future, the committee is to be chosen Annually. and Andrew Acorrocomb and Thomas Putchauker were chosento be Fence Vewers to continue a year.  Concluded to have a Centre near David Fowlers House, the main Street is to run North and South & East and West, to cross at the centre. Concluded to live in Peace, and in Friendship and to go on in all their Public Concerns in Harmony both in their Religious and Temporal concerns, and every one to bear his part of Public Charges in the Town. They desired me to be a Teacher amongst them. I consented to spend some of my remaining [days] with them, and make this Town my Home and center. (p.252)*

Surveyor General’s Map of Oneida County, NY in 1829 Plat map of Brothertown in New York when it was surveyed in 1828:

*brothertown ny cemeteries by cipolla

In his book, Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England, William DeLoss Love committed the name of each Brothertown resident into the book’s appendix.  It is reprinted below.





ABNER, Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. In 1762 an Indian 
called "Abner, 11 aged 45, was living in a wigwam at Mushantuxet in 
Groton. He had six children. James Abner, who with his wife 
Mary was living at Lantern Hill, Stonington, in 1788, was doubtless 
a son and the father of Randall. 

Randall Abner, born June 4, 1789, at Stonington, married Sarah 
Tocus. They moved to Stephentovvn, N. Y., and thence in 1819 to 
Brothertown. He received lot 86. in 1823; was a peacemaker from 
1823 to 1831 ; removed to Wisconsin in 1831 and to Kansas later, 
where he died in 1852, ae.-63, and she Apr. 9, 1869, ae. 73. Chn. : 
I. Hannah Abigail, b. Aug. 21, 1814, m. Thomas Commuck. II. 
Rebecca, b. Mar. 2, 1816, m. (i) Simeon Adams, (2) John W. 
Johnson. III. Randall, who went to Nebraska. IV. Joseph, who 
was lost at sea. V. Silvia, m. Daniel Skeesuck. VI. Lucy, m. (i) 
Stowe, (2) Coffin. VII. Marietta, m. John Welch. VIII. Roxy. 
IX. James. X. Denison, who went to Kansas. XI. Grace. 

ADAMS, ADAM, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. A Quinnipiac 
Indian, nicknamed "Adam, 11 of East Haven, "bought of a squaw" 
land at Farmington, which he divided Nov. 3, 1756. between his sons, 
John and Samuel Adam. He signed as "Jacob Adam,' 1 but Oct. 10, 
1776, he is "Thomas Adams late deceased. 11 He was the head man 
of the Quinnipiac Indians who exchanged rights at New Haven for 
lands at Farmington, removed thither and were adopted by the Tunxis 
tribe. In 1770 he was aged and infirm and soon after died. 

John Adams ( 1 Adam), New Haven, 1756, and of age, married Sarah 
and moved to Farmington. He was a councilor and landowner ; 


a soldier in the French wars and the Revolution ; was at Stockbridge, 
Mass.; and a founder of Brothertown, where he soon died. Chn. : 
I. John, b. 1755. II- Sarah, m. Abraham Simons. 111. Simeon. 
IV. Samuel. 

John Adams (2 John, lAdam) was an early settler at Brothertown, 
where he received lot 126 in 1795. He married later " Widow Sarah 
Davies," born in 1748, owner of lot 6, and died before 1804, without 
issue. His lot was then assigned to Ehphalet Adams (Marthers), 
subject to the dower of Widow Sarah. 

Simeon Adams ( 2 John, 1 Adam) was a soldier in Capt. Elisha Lee's 
company in 1776. He moved to Brothtrtown before 1799, and had 
lots 99 and 124 in 1804. He died about 1829, his hens being his 
brother Samuel's children. 

Samuel Adams ( 2 John, !Adam) married Mary, daughter of David 
Fowler, and settled at Brothertown. He had been a soldier in the 
Revolution, enlisted in the War of 1812, and was killed at black 
Rock. She was living at Brothertown in 1817. Chn.: I. Thankful, 
m. Stevens. II. John, who with his wife Sally removed to Wisconsin 
in 1832, and died at Dickenson's Mills. 111. Simeon, who m. Rebecca 
Abner, moved to Wisconsin and died there. IV. Hannah, m. Solo- 
mon Paul. V. Emeline, m. Lothrop Dick. Edwin C. Adams, alias 
Edwin Edwards or Edwin Hathaway, an orphan, was brought up in 
this family. He m. Lovina Matthews, and moved to Brothertown, 
Wis. Their son, Arthur Adams, was in Co. G, 36th Wis. Vols., and 
died in Andersonville prison Sept. 2, 1864. 

Samuel Adams (iAdain) was born in 1734, and married Hannah 
Squamp of the Wangunk tiibe, by whom he had rights in the Matta- 
besett lands at Middletown, Conn. Both were well educated. He 
was a soldier in Capt John Patterson's company in 1756, and in 
Capt. Timothy NortharrTs company, ist Regt N. Y. troops, in 1762. 
He was a councilor and landowner at Farmington ; an early settlrr at 
Brothertown; was driven out by the war, and went to Hancock, 
Mass. He returned to Brothertown and in 1795 received lot 7. where 
he had built his first hut. He died about 1800. Ch. : Solomon, 
and perhaps others. 

Solomon Adams ( 2 Samuel, iAdam) received part of Jot 52 at 
Farmington from his father, March 21, 1782. He married Olive, 
daughter of Rev. Samson Occom, was a soldier in the Revolution, 
and died about 1783. His widow held " a part of the 5th lot west of 
the Indian tract and the house thereon, 11 whence she afterwards emi- 
grated to eastern New York. Chn. : I. Philena, in. (i) James Wau- 
cus, (2) Thomas Crosley. II. Damans, m. Jacob Thomas. III. 
Ellen, New Marlboro, Mass. These sold their father's rights at 
Farmington in 1801. Probably also there was a son David, who re- 
ceived lot 134 at Brothertown in 1797, and died without issue. 


ANTHONY, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. A number of 
Indians bearing this name were living there in 1750. John Anthony 
married Sarah, the widow of George Ninegret. A Charles Anthony 
resided there in 1763, and thence the Brothertown emigrant came. 

Charles Anthony was a later settler at Brothertown. He married 
Lorinda Brushel, who inherited rights in several lots sold 1828-1835. 
He was town marshal from 1828 to 1832. They moved to Wisconsin 
about 1837, and died there. Ch. : Lowana. 

hegan, Conn. This family was not of the early Mohegan stock. The 
name is not found in lists made so late as 1782. In recent times 
some of that name have lived at Mohegan, and Sam Brushel, who 
died there in 1882, aged 37, claimed to have royal blood. Probably 
an Indian of another tribe married a Mohegan woman and was 

Abigail Brushel appeared at Brothertown in 1796, a widow, and 
received lot 46, which was sold in 1829 for the benefit of ' Widow 
Abigail." She had sons Samuel and Sampson, and probably Mary, 
John, Lemuel and Timothy were also her children. Mary had lot 47 
in 1804; John lots 38 and 39 in 1804; Lemuel lot 44 in 1797; and 
Timothy lot 73 in 1796. Lemuel died about 1827 without issue. 
Timothy died on a man-of-war and his widow and son Samuel 
inherited his lot. 

Samuel Brushel (lAbigail), born in 1772, and his wife Esther, 
born in 1774, received lot 25, in 1795. She died and he married 
Abigail Skeesuck. The lot was sold for their benefit in 1828. Chn. : 
I. Thomas, m. Hannah Cujep. II. Nancy, m. Hart. III. Henry. 
IV. Lucinda, m. Welch, removed to Wisconsin, and died. V. Sam- 
uel, m. Nancy Welch. VI. Lydia, m. Aaron Toucee. 

Henry Brushel (2 Samuel, iAbigail), born June 24, 1814, married 
Nancy Welch Brushel, his brother's widow. They moved to Wis- 
consin, where he died Sept. 24, 1864, and she April 7, 1864, aged 55. 
Chn. : I. Samuel, a soldier in the Civil War, who died after his 
return. II. Frances. III. Almira. IV. Nancy E., d. Feb. 15, 
1865, ae. 25. 

Sampson Brushel (^Abigail), borrt in 1774, had lots 127 and 34 at 
Brothertown. He married Betsey Ceipet, by whom he had Lorinda, 
who married Charles Anthony, and possibly a son Benjamin. They 
died at Brothertown. 

CETPET, CEBIT, SEEPET, SEABPEET. Benjamin Ceipet and Han- 
nah his wife received lot 35 at Brothertown in 1804. He died about 
1807 and she about 1828. They left a daughter Betsey, a son Daniel, 
and possibly other children. 



CHARLES. There were families of this name at Montauk, L. I., 
Farmington, Conn., and Charlestown, R. I. An Indian so named, 
probably of the latter place, married Rhoda, daughter of James Niles, 
who as a widow settled at Brothertown and received lot 32 in 1804, 
She married later Daniel Wauby. Two youth, John and Mary 
Charles, living with John Tuhie in 1795, were doubtless her children, 
the former inheriting as an heir of James Niles. She also had a 
daughter Olive who moved to Wisconsin. John Charles, born in 
1789. is thought to have been the father of Oliver Charles, grandson 
ot Rhoda and heir in 1843. 'Josiah Charles, whose relation to the 
above is unknown, received lot 102 at Brothertown in 1804, married 
Jerusha, daughter of George Peters, and died about 1828. Their 
only child Eunice m. (i) David Toucee ; (2) William Crosley. 

COCHEATT, COCHEAKS, QuoCHEETS, Pequot tribe, Groton, Conn. 
This was a prominent family at Mushantuxet, the earliest of the name 
being Daniel, who. in 1762, aged 60, was living there in a wigwam, 
having a family of six. A descendant, Charles Cocheatt, was a late 
comer at Brothertown, having lot 82 in 1831. He married Sophia 
Crosley. Chn. : Joseph, Josiah, Hannah, and Malinda. 

COCHEGAN, COCHEGION, Mohegan tribe, Mohegan, Conn. Solo- 
mon Cochegan, born about 1735, was an early settler at Brothertown, 
living on lot 114, which was given to his widow Hannah, aged 60, 
after his death in 1794. They had a daughter Mehitable, who with 
an infant child Johanna, lived with them, and a son Solomon, who 
received lot 61 in 1797, and was probably the father of Hannah and 
Lucy Cochegan, heirs to lot 114 in 1834. 

COMMUCK, CUMMUCK, COMMACH, Narragansett tribe, Charles- 
town, R. I. In 1766 an Indian named '-Commach" was living 
there, and Patience Cummuck, the only other of the name, may have 
been his wife. A son or grandson, Joseph Commuck, became a 
councilor in 1802, and both he and his wife died a few years there- 
after, leaving two young sons, James and Thomas. 

Thomas Commuck (i Joseph), born Jan. 18, 1804, at Charlestown, 
received a fair education in his youth, which was increased by habits. 
of reading throughout his life. He emigrated to Brothertown before 
1825, and received the west half of lot 85 in 1831, to be sold that he 
might remove to Wisconsin. He married, July 31, 1831, Hannah, 
daughter of Randall Abner. They were first settlers in the Green 
Bay home. He was the first postmaster of Brothertown, Wis., a 
Justice of the Peace and prominent in the affairs of the tribe. Besides 


several historical papers he printed the " Indian Melodies. 1 ' He died 
Nov. 25, 1855. His widow is still living at Brothertown, Wis., and 
enjoys a vigorous old age in the home of Edgar M. Dick. Chn. : 
I. Alzuma, b. Nov. 14, 1832, -m. Toxuse. II. Thomas Mirvan,-b. 
Nov. 26, 1835, a soldier in the Civil War, who died in Iowa in 1892. 
III. Sarah Prentiss, b. Apr. 12, 1838, m. Orville A. Hart. IV. 
Worthington, b. Aug. 31, 1840, d. Feb. i, 1863, in Libby Prison 
a soldier in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols. V. Victoria, b. June n, 1842. 
VI. Helen, b. Aug. 4, 1844, m. Frank La Belle. VII. Theresa, b. 
Sept. 29, 1846. VIII. Bertha, b. Sept. 8, 1848. IX. Alice E., b. 
June 12, 1851; m. Rhodolphus M. Fowler. X. Omer Pasha, b. 
May 25, 1854. 

Charlestown, R. I. Toby Cohoize, born in 1673 an d living in 1763, 
was doubtless the father of Ephraim, the councilor of 1747, then aged 
44. Ephraim had a son Ephraim, who also became councilor and 
fought in the French wars. The latter had a son William, under 
1 6 years of age in 1761. 

William Coyhis ( 2 Ephraim, 1 Ephraim) married Mary , a white 

woman, and moved to Brothertown about 1800. He had sons to 
whom lot 72 was assigned in 1804, on condition that they support 
their white mother, who was a widow, her husband dying in May, 
1804. He was town clerk from 1802 to 1804. Of his sons, John 
only grew to manhood and received lot 72 in 1824. 

John Coyhis ( 3 William, * Ephraim, * Ephraim) married Martha, 
daughter of Asa Dick. He received part of lot 52 in 1814, where 
both lived and died. Chn.: I. Isaac C. II. John R., m. Sophia 
Sampson. III. Benjamin J., who moved to Wisconsin. He m. (i) 
Laura, d. Jan. 14, 1875, ae. 58; (2) Rosella S., d. Sept. 9, 1880, 
ae. 29. 

CROSLEY. This family is said to have been of the Pequot tribe at 
Stonington, Conn. George Crosley, born in 1748, was an early 
settler at Brothertown, living on lot 2. In 1795 he had a wife Lorn- 
hamah, born in 1754, and six children. His second wife was Eliza- 
beth Fowler, widow of Obadiah Scippio. He lived to old aije, held 
several town offices and died at Brothertown Chn.: I. Grace, b. 
1776, m. Joseph Tocus. II. Thomas, b. 1783. III. Nathan, b. 
1785, d. at B. IV. Katharine, b. 1787, m. William Dick. V. 
Elizabeth, b. 1790, m. John Hammer. 

Thomas Crosley ( l George) received lot 76 in 1804, an d married 
Philena, daughter of Solomon Adams and Olive Occom, and 
widow of James Waucus. He was town clerk from 1809 to 1812. 
He also held lots 96 and 97. Chn. : I. William. II. Sophronia, m. 


Doxstater. III. Lucenette (Lureanett), b. 1807, m. Alonzo D. Dick. 
Lurea Uick of Manchester, Wis., certified in 1844 that her mother 
was Dimiss Kuish, a granddaughter of Philip Kuish. If so, Thomas 
Crosley married a second wife. 

William Crosley (2 Thomas, l George), born about 1805, with his 
sister Sophronia, inherited his father's lot in 1828, removed to Wis- 
consin in 1836 and there died in 1866. He married (i) Hannah, 
dan. of William Dick, ist, (2) Aunlla, dau. of Thomas Dick, (3) 
Eunice Charles Toucee, dau. of Josiah Charles and widow of David 
Toucee, who died in 1880, ae. 66. Chn. : I. John, m. Parmelia, 
dau. of Hezekiah Fowler. II. Caroline, m. Daniel Jakewa)s. III. 
Grace Ann. m. Albert D. Cottrell. IV. Serepta, m. Elias Dick. 

CUJEP, CHUCHIP, probably of the Pequot tribe, Groton, Conn. In 
1795 Prudence Cujep, widow, aged 39, received lot 104 at Brother- 
town. She had a son Henry, aged 12. Probably her husband emi- 
grated with her and died before 1795. She married 2d, Gideon 
Harry, and died at Brothertown, where her gravestone has the epi- 
taph "In memory of Prude Harry, Daughter of Sampson and 
Eunice Pouquenup, Feb. 24, 1828." Hannah Cujep, who married 
Thomas Brushel, may have been the widow of Henry. 


Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. This was a prominent Indian 
family of the original Tunxis stock. Andrew Correcompt owned 
several tracts of land at Farmington. He served during the French 
wars in Capt. Aaron Hitchcock's company in 1756, in Col. Nathan 
Whiting's company in 1760, and in Capt. Samuel Dimock's company, 
N. Y. troops, in 1762. 

Andrew Curricomb ( l Andrew), born in 1747, was prominent in the 
emigration plans, and an early settler at Brothertown. After the 
Revolution, in which he is said to have served while at West Stock- 
bridge, Mass., he returned to Oneida with his family. He settled on 
lots 120 and 121, which were divided among his heirs in 1818. His 
wife's name was Abigail. Chn. : I. Elizabeth, b. 1768, m. Benjamin 
Toucee. II. Anne, 'b. 1770, m. James Wiggins. III. Abigail, b. 
1778. IV. Eliakim, b. 1780. V. Thomas (?). b. July 14, 1786. 
VI. Jesse, b. 1791. VII. Moses, b. 1794, d. about 1815. Eliza- 
beth and Anne were probably children by a first wife. Eliakim mar- 
ried Martha Onion and received lots 57 and 58 in 1804. He re- 
moved about 1828. 

Jesse Curricomb in 1818 inherited lots 120 and 121, with his 
brother Eliakim. David Toucee and the heirs of Anne Wiggins, and 
he had lot 142 assigned to him in 1824. His wife's name was Phebe, 
who died before 1834, when her husband and son John removed to 
Wisconsin. The son was drowned in Fox River. 


CUSK, ASKUSK, ACKUST, Tunxis tribe, Farmington. Conn. " Cusk, 
Indian, 1 ' deeded to his son J.imes Cusk a house and land at Indian 
Neck, Farmington, in 1761, where the son afterwards livtd^. He was 
intt- rested in the emigration in 1775, but never removed permanently. 
For a time his home was at Saratoga, N. Y. 

DAVIES. Henry Davies, of a tribe unknown, was an early settler 
at Brothertown, and lived on lot 6, which after his death in 1794 
was given to his widow Sarah, who married a second husband, John 

DESHON. Felix Deshon, of the Pequol tribe, at Mushantuxet, was 
prominent in tribal affairs in 1774, but he did not remove to Brother- 
town until 1804, when he received a part of lot 113, where he lived 
until his death, about 1816. 

DICK, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. This family was 
neither large nor prominent in the mother tribe to which tradition 
unanimously assigns it. Tribal lists give only the name of " Widow 
Mary Dick," and the connection shows that she had children attend- 
ing Edward Deake's school. We conjecture that William and Isaac 
Dick, afterwards of Brothertown, were her sons. The relationship of 
Paul and Thomas Dick to these brothers is undetermined. They 
may have been also sons of Mary Dick, or elder sons of Isaac. One 
fact, however, is perplexing. Lots were assigned in 1799 to I saa c 
and Paul Richards, which are put down in 1804 to Isaac and Paul 
Dick. The name Richards is not found among the tribe. We sup- 
pose that the superintendents at first thought that the name "Dick" 
was a nickname. 

William Dick was born in Charlestown about 1755, married Han- 
nah Potter, probably a daughter of Daniel and Mary Potter, removed 
to Brothertown about 1799, and was from the first a prominent man 
there. He settled on lot 135, assigned to him in 1804, an d died 
about 1814. Chn. : I. William. II. Elkanah. III. Laton. IV. 
Lothrop, m. Emeline Adams. He had lot 124, went to Wisconsin 
in 1836, and was drowned in Fox River. V. Patience, m. James Fow- 
ler, and as a widow removed to Wis. with her children in 1834. VI. 
Lucena, m. George Sampson. VII. Elizabeth, m. Rhodolphus 
Fowler. VIII. Abigail, m. David Johnson. IX. Grace. X. Han- 
nah, m. William Crosley. XI. Thankful, m. Skeesuck. The widow, 
Hannah Dick, with her daughters, Abigail and Thankful, went to 
Wis. in 1834. 

William Dick (* William) was born at Charlestown, R. I., Feb. 16, 
1786, and died at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 28, 1869. He married, 
Dec. 6, 1806, Catharine, daughter of George Crosley, who was born 
Jan. 3, 1787, and died at Brothertown, Wis., Sept. 7, 1866. He 


lived on lot 131, was town clerk for five years and a peacemaker 
from 1822 to 1831. The success of the emigration to Wisconsin 
was largely due to him and his brother Efkanah. He removed with 
his family in 1831. Chn. : I. William H. II. Nathan Crosley. III. 
Laura. IV. Jemima, m. Jeremiah W. Johnson. V. Sarah, m. Skee- 
suck. VI. Barbara, m. Rowland Johnson. VII. Delila, m. Benja- 
min Brushel. VIII. Desdamona, m. Alexander Fowler. IX. Dorcas. 

William H. Dick ( 2 William, 1 William), married Juliett Peters, was 
a prominent man in Brothertown, Wis.,and at one time treasurer of 
the county. In 1851 and 1871 he was a member of the Wisconsin 
legislature, and discharged his duties with credit to his nation and 
himself. Ch. : Hannah A. Dick. 

Nathan Crosley Dick ( 2 William, i William) born at Brothertown, 
N. Y., Feb. 8, 1820, married Eunice, daughter of Emanuel Johnson. 
He died at Brofhertown, Wis., in 1884, and she in 1885. He was a 
worthy citizen and influential in the county. Chn.: I. Orlando D., 
m. Almira J., dau. of Clark D. Sampson, served during the Civil War 
in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and in Co. K, lyth Wis. Vols., and died 
Aug. 9, 1881, as. 42. II. Franklin M., was in Co. D, 351)1 Wis. 
Vols., and died at Vicksburg, July 22, 1864. III. Edgar Morris. 
IV. Asa D., was in Co. K, 4th Wis. Cav., and died at Cairo in 
March, 1864. V. Minerva N. VI. Grace. 

Edgar Morris Dick ( 3 Nathan Crosley, 2 William, l William) was 
born at Brothertown, Wis., Oct. 28, 1843. He received a common 
school education, but further plans were interrupted by the war. He 
enlisted in Co. F, 2ist Wis. Vols., and was wounded at Perryville. 
Formerly he was a farmer, but is now conducting a mercantile and 
barber business at Brothertown, where he is respected for his integ- 
rity and consistent life. He has identified himself with the Prohibi- 
tion party, in which he thoroughly believes, and was their nominee 
for Congress in that district in 1890. The Brothertown Indians have 
chosen him one of their Headmen. He married Abba Loretta, daugh- 
ter of Osamus D. Fowler, who was born Sept. 29, 1843, an< ^ died 
Dec. 12, 1896. 

Elkanah Dick ( l William), born at Charlestovvn in 1789, settled at 
Brothertown, N. Y., on lot 31, held several offices in the town, and 
removed to Wisconsin in 1831. He married (i) Sarah Ann, dau. 
of Benjamin Toucee, by whom he had seven children. (2) Eliza 
Skeesuck. His first wife died in New York, and he in Wisconsin, in 
1870. Chn.: I. Elias Jacob, m. Serepta Crosley, by whom he had 
(i) Jason, (2) Hannah. II. Benjamin, enlisted in Co. G, 36th Wis. 
Vols., and died at Andersonville, Aug. 25, 1864. Ill David. 
IV. Hubbard, was in Co. A, i;th Wis. Vols., and died at Lake Prov- 
idence, La., April 3, 1863. V. Susan. VI. Elizabeth, m. Laton 
Fowler, and was drowned in 1875. VII. Laton. 


David Dick (sElkanah, l William) was born at Brothertown, 
N. Y., Oct. 24, 1824, and married Elizabeth, daughter of Joseph 
Fowler, who died Aug. 15, 1863, aged 35. He served in the war in 
Co. H, 5th Wis. Vols. Chn. :"l. Theodore, who is one of the Head- 
men. II. Duane. III. Keyes. IV. Jenette, d. young. 

Laton Dick (* William) was born July 14, 1797, and died at Broth- 
ertown, Wis., July 31, 1880. He married Abigail, daughter of 
James Fowler, and lived on lot 78, assigned to him in 1828. He was 
a peacemaker in 1837, but later removed to Wisconsin with his 
family. Chn.: I. Thomas. II. Emma. III. Frances. 

Isaac Dick was a brother of William Dick, and came to Brother- 
town, N. Y., about 1799, settling on lot 37, which was assigned to 
him in 1804. His wife was Cynthia Brown, and he then had a 
family of adult children. He died about 1812, and his lot was sold 
in 1835 for his children, Asa, Martha, Isaac, Hannah and Betsey, 
reserving three rods square for the burial lot. Some think Paul Dick 
was also a son. Chn.: I. Jacob, b. 1787, received lot 60 in 1812, 
and died before 1825. II. Asa. III. John, received lot 92 and 
died before 1818. IV. Martha, m. John Coyhis. V. Isaac. 
VI. Hannah, m. James Kindness. VII. Elizabeth, m. Ira Hammar. 

Asa Dick ( l Isaac) came to Brothertown, N. Y., with or shortly 
after his father, from Sandy Creek, near Lake George, and lot 36 was 
set apart for him in 1804. The present village of Dickville was 
named after him, and there he died S^pt. 13, 1843, a g e d 47^,3, 22 d . 
He was the most prominent man in the town in his day, and attained 
honors among Indians and whites, being known as " Esquire Dick." 
In 1820 he was chosen peacemaker, and was the last to fill that 
office. Pomroy Jones says, " He was a man of enterprise, lived in a 
good style, had a good two-story dwelling, painted white, but in the 
latter part of his life he extended his business beyond his means, and 
after his death his estate was found to be insolvent." His house is 
still standing and is occupied by Mr. Edward Peck. He bought the 
lots of mnny Indians who wished to emigrate to Wisconsin, and 
would probably have realized his expectations had he lived. His wife 
was Nancy, daughter of Daniel Skeesuck. Chn.: I. Harriett, m. 
Alexander Fowler. II. Amanda. III. Isaac. IV. Aurilla. V. 
Margaret. VI. Orrin. Several children also died young. 

Isaac Dick (* Isaac), born in 1804. married Hannah, daughter of 
Jacob Fowler, held several town offices, and removed to Wisconsin 
about 1843. where he died April 10, 18:54. Chn : I. Laton, d. in 
Wis. II. Harriet E., d young. III. El'en, m. Oscar Johnson. 

Paul Dick came to Brothertown, N. Y., from Charlestown, and 
received lot 129 in 1799, as Paul Richards, and subsequently lot 94. 
"His wife was Hannah, daughter of David Fowler, who died at Broth- 
ertown. He removed to White River, Ind., and died there. Chn. : 


I. John. II. Alonzo D. III. Alexander. IV. Adeline, m. Abra- 
ham Skeesuck. V. Sophia, m. Peter Cooper, an Oneida Indian. 
VI. Eunice, m. James Wauby. 

John Dick ( 1 Paul) married Hannnh Hammar, who died at Brother- 
town, N. Y. He owm-d part of Jot 66, sold in 1841, was a peace- 
maker in 1832, and served until the tribe had nearly all emigrated, 
when he followed them. He was an exhorter and was called "Elder 
Dick. 1 ' Ch. : John W., d. 1846, as. 7. 

Alonzo David Dick (iPaul) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., and 
died at Chilton, VVis. He emigrated in 1834, and became an 
honored citizen. His wife, LureXnett, daughter of Thomas Crosley, 
died Sept. 12, 1854, in her 46th year. Chn. : I. Jane, m. Osamus 
D. Fowler. II. Harriet, d. 1849, ae. 13. III. Cornelia. IV. Almira. 

Alexander Dick ( x Paul) married Samantha, daughter of John 
Seketer, received lot Si in 1827, removed to Wisconsin in 1832, and 
to Kansas in 1852, where they died. Chn.: I. John P. II. Har- 
riett, m. Joseph Scanandoa, an Oneida Indian. III. Lucius C., was 

in Co. K, 4th VVis. Cav. He married Sarah , who died Jan. 13, 

1868, aged 23. IV. Charles W., was in Co. K, 4th Wis. Cav. V. 
Jacob, was in Co. A, 2d Kan. Vols. 

Thomas Dick was born in Charlestown, R. I., and removed to 
Brothertown, N. Y., before 1802, settling on lot 27, which was as- 
signed to him in 1804. As an elder of the Baptist persuasion he 
conducted services there for many years, was a peacemaker from 1808 
to 1813, and held other town offices. In 1834 he removed to Wis- 
consin, being then about 80 years of age, where he and his wife 
Debora died. Chn. : I. Daniel. II. Thomas. Perhaps there were 

Daniel Dick ( l Thomas) married Jerusha, daughter of Joseph 
Wauby; lived on lot 74, assigned to him in 1817, being then aged 
21 ; held several town offices, and removed to Wisconsin in 1832, 
where he and his wife died. Chn. : I. Zephaniah. II. John W., 
was in Co. G, 36th Wis. Vols., and died after his return home. 

Thomas Dick ( l Thomas) married Cynthia, daughter of Joseph 
Wauby; lived on lot 63 at Brothertown, and removed to Wisconsin 
in 1832, where he was killed by the Menomenee Indians. His widow 
died Nov. 24, 1871, ae. 73. Chn. : I. Aurilla, m. William Crosley. 

II. Margaritta. III. Jacob. 

FOWLER, Montauk tribe, Montauk, L. I. James Fowler, the ear- 
liest of the name known to us, was born at Montauk about 1700, 

married Elizabeth , born in 1707, and in 1761 had a family of 

six children. Of these, Mary married Rev. Samson Occom, and 
Phcebe married Ephraim Pharaoh. David and Jacob Fowler were 
sons, and another is believed to have remained at Montauk. The 


father died about 1774, and his widow removed to Brothertown, 
where she was living with her son David in 1795, at the age of 87. 

David Fowler ( 1 James), born in 1735. was one of the founders of 
Brothertown, N. Y., wht-re he settled in 1775. The details of his 
life are narrated in this volume and need not be repeated here. He 
settled on what was afterwaids lot 105, which with lot 119, was as- 
signed to him in 1795. He was the most conspicuous figure in town 
affairs, a trustee in 1785, and senior peacemaker from 1796 to 1807. 
He amassed some property, lived well and was universally respected 
until his death, March 31, 1807, at the age of 72. His wife, Hannah 
Garret, whom he married in 1766, died in August, 1811, aged 64. 
Chn.: I. David. II. Hannah, b. 1768, m. Paul Dick. III. Eliza- 
beth, b. 1770, m. (i) Obadiah Scippio. (2) George Crosley. IV. 
Benjamin Garret, b. 1774. V. Lurheana (Rhenea), b. 1776. VI. 
Mary. b. 1781, m. Samuel Adams. VII. James, b. 1784. VIII. 
Jacob, b. 1788. IX. Rhodolphus, b. 1791. 

David Fowler ( 2 David, l James), born in June, 1767, in Kirkland's 
cabin, married Phebe Kiness about 1791, and was given lot 16 in 
1795, which, in 1824, was leased for ten years to Thomas Dean, and 
sold to him in 1826, after David Fowler's death. He served as town 
clerk several years, and was conspicuous in religious matters. His 
widow removed to Wisconsin, where she died March 13, 1863, aged 
89. Chn. : I. Martha, b. 1793, m. Emanuel Johnson. II. James, 
b. March n, 1795. III. Theophilus, d. at Brothertown, N. Y. See 
Jones 1 Annals of Oneida County, p. 96. IV. Pually, m. Timothy 
Jordan, a Stockbridge Indian. V. Tryphena, m. Dick. 

James Fowler ( 3 David, 2 David, l James), married Sarah, daughter 
of John Mason Simons; lived on lot 103, assigned to him in 1817; 
inherited part of lot 1 1 1 from Emanuel Simons in 1828, and was killed 
in a quarrel at Utica, about 1832. His widow emigrated with her 
family to Wisconsin. Chn. : I. Henry, drowned in Fox River. II. 
Phebe J., b. 1819, m. L. S. Fowler. III. Erastus, drowned in Fox 

Benjamin Garret Fowler (sDavid, * James) married (i) Temperance 
Pharaoh, who died at Brothertown, N. Y. (2) Elizabeth Skeesuck, 
widow of Arnold Skeesuck. He lived on lot 62, assigned to him in 
1795, which was sold in 1836. He was marshal of the town for sev- 
eral years, and a peacemaker from 1808 to 1811. In religious affairs 
he was a leader, and ministered as an elder of the Freewill Baptist 
order. He removed to Wisconsin with his family, and died Dec. 12, 
1848, aged 74. His gravestone bears the tribute: " He spoke the 
language of his Master, 'little children, love one another.'" Chn. : 
I. Benjamin Garret. II. Joseph, who married and had a daughter, 
Elizabeth, the wife of David Dick. III. Lura, m. Nelson Paul. 

James Fowler (? David, l James) married Patience Dick, and lived 


on lot 100, assigned to him in 1804. He was a peacemaker in 1812, 
and for several years thereafter. About 1830 he died suddenly while 
at work in his field, and his widow moved with her family to Wiscon- 
sin in 1834. Clm. : I. Abigail, m. Laton Dick. II. David, b. Feb. 
8, 1813. HI- William. IV. Russell, burned to death. V. John 
Collins, b. Sept. 19, 1817. VI. Simeon Adams, b. May 27, 1819, 
d. at Brothertown, Wis., Nov. 20, 1880. VII. Smith, d. in Iowa. 
VIII. Laton, m. Elizabeth, dau. of Elkanah Dick, who died Sept. 
15, 1873, ae- 51- IX. Patience, lost in the woods when 12 years 
old. X. Roxanna, died April 30, 1891, ae. 66. 

David Fowler (a James, 2 David, J James) married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of James Simons, who was born Feb. 2, 1819, and died Sept. 8, 
1885. He was a prominent man in town and tribal affairs, and died 
in honor at Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 10, 1890. Chn. : I. Harriet 
Adelaide, b. May 9, 1844, m. Jan. 24, 1864, to John Niles, and has 
children, (i) Frederick T., (2) Frances S., (3) Herbert T., (4) Wai- 
ter E., (5) Hermon A. II. Victorine, d. March 8, 1861, ae. 19. 

III. Patience, b. Dec. 25, 1846, m. John W. Dick, and d. in 1885. 

IV. Lathrop. V. Theodore M., d. March 21, 1852. VI. Elizabeth 
A., b. 1850, d. 1889. 

Lathrop Fowler (* David, 8 James, 2 David, 1 James) was born at 
Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 29, 1848, and attended the common schools 
until at the age of 18 years he went to the business college at Fond 
du Lac. He is a carpenter by trade, which he follows in addition to 
farming. In 1866 he became a member of the I. O. G. T., and has 
been honored by important offices in district and grand lodges. He 
is an ardent and consistent prohibitionist, a patriotic citizen, and a 
friend of all means for the civilization of the Indians. He is one of 
the Headmen of the Brothertown tribe. ^ 

William Fowler (3 James, 2 David, l James) was born about 1815, 
and married Mary Brushel. He lived at Brothertown, Wis., until 
he enlisted in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols. He was killed at Perryville, 
Oct. 8, 1862. Chn.: I. James D., b. 1840, was a soldier in the 
38th Wis. Vols. II. Emeline, m. William Welch, and d Jan. i, 
1865, as. 22. III. Ella, d. 1865. IV. Melvina, m. Rufus Skeesuck, 
and d. in 1892. V. Lisetta, m. Miles M. Johnson, and d. in 1876. 

John Collins Fowler ( 8 Jnmes, 2 David, i James) was born at Broth- 
ertown, N. Y., Sept. 19, 1817, and removed to Wisconsin in 1834, 
where he has since lived on his farm to an honored old age. He 
married Phebe, daughter of James Niles. who died several years since. 

Jacob Fowler ( 2 David, x James) married Amy, daughter of Samp- 
son Potter; lived on lot 141, assigned to him in 1815. and was for 
years a tithingman and marshal in the town. He went to Wiscon- 
sin, but returned later, and died in his old home. His wife died at 
Brothertown, Wis., Feb. 10, 1862, ae. 69. Chn.: I. Alexander. 


II. Hezekiah. III. Lucius Syrenius. IV. Hannah, m. Isaac Dick. 
V. Lorenzo David. Vi. Alzina. 

Alexander Fowler ( 8 Jacob, 2 David, * James) married (i) Harriet, 
daughter of Asa Dick, who died at Brothertown, N. Y., Aug. 22, 
1845, * 2 3' ( 2 ) Desdemona, daughter of William Dick. He was 
the last town clerk, and finally removed to Wisconsin. Chn-. : I. 
George L., d. in 1845, * 4- H- Amy L., d. Dec. 7, 1870, ae. 20. 

Hezekiah Fowler ( 8 Jacob, 2 David, l James) married Fanny F. 
Skeesuck, and removed to Wisconsin, where she died Aug. 17, 1857, 
ae. 45. He held part of lot n, in Brothertown, which was sold in 
1834. Chn.: I. Parmelia, m. John Crosley. II. Irene. III. Ada- 
line, d. Feb. 18, 1845. IV. Adah, d. Feb. n, 1845. V. Israel, 
was in Co. A, 3d Wis. Vols., and died at Chancellorsville, May 3, 

Lucius Syrenius Fowler ( 3 Jacob, 2 David, l James) was born at 
Brothertown, N. Y., May 10, 1819, and died at Brothertown, Wis., 
Feb. 23, 1886. He married PhebeJ. Fowler, who died Feb. 4, 1885. 
They went to Wisconsin in 1834. Chn.: I. Almanza E., d. Dec. 
24, 1868, ae. 26. II. Frances A., d. Sept. 4, 1859. III. Luren- 
ette, d. Jan. 15, 1862. 

Lorenzo David Fowler ( 3 Jacob, 2 David, 1 James) married Mary V., 
daughter of Emanuel Johnson. Chn. : I. Rhodolphus, d. in 1850, 
ae. 15. II. Theophilus, d. in 1852, ce. 17. III. Cordelia, m. Sol- 
omon Niles. 

Rhodolphus Fowler (2 David, * James) married Elizabeth, daughter 
of William Dick; lived on lot 113 in 1817; was town clerk and 
peacemaker, and removed to Wisconsin in 1836, where he was 
drowned in Fox River. Chn.: I. Lura, m. Simeon Hart. II. 
Osamus David, b. 1816. III. Lewis. IV. Almira, m. Rowland 
Johnson. V. Lyman Palmer. VI. Orrin Gridley. VII. Wealthy, 
m. Orrin G. Johnson. 

Osamus David Fowler ( Rhodolphus, 2 David, l James) married (i) 
Rosetta, dau. of Eliphalet Matthews, who died July 29, 1854, ae. 35, 
(2) Jane, dau. of Alonzo D. Dick, who died April 5, 1861, ae. 28. 
He was a prominent man in Brothertown, Wis., and died Aug. 4, 1874, 
ae. 58. Chn.: I. Abba Loretta. II. Ellen A., d. June 30, 1845. 

III. Lewis F., d. March 11, 1849. IV. James L., d. Nov. 8, 1855. 
V. James Lawrence, by the second wife. 

Lyman Palmer Fowler ( 3 Rhodolphus, 2 David, l James) married 
Aurilla, daughter of Asa Dick. He served as a soldier in the Civil 
War, and died at Brothertown, Wis. Chn. : I. Oscar. II. Emelia 
A., d. March 18, 1851. 

Orrin Gridley Fowler ( 3 Rhodolphus, 2 David, l James) married 
Ruth Skeesuck, who died at Brothertown, Wis., Aug. 15, 1870, aged 
40. He was in Co. K, 4th W T is. Cav., and died at Ship Island, 


Miss., May 13, 1862, as. 49. Chn. : I. Emma E., d. 1867, as. 17. 
II. Wealthy J., d. 1864, as. 13. 

Jacob Fowler (i James) was bora in 1750, and married Esther' 
Poquiantup, who survived his death at Brothertown, N. Y., but re- 
moved or died before 1795. He was the first town ck-rk. chosen in 
1785, but his records, it" he kept .any, fire lost. They had an only 
child, who died in 1772, at Mushantuxet, and perhaps others later. 
The further details of his life are given elsewhere. 

HAMMAR, HAMMER, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. James 
Hammer and Margery, his wife, were living at Charlestown, in 1761, 
having two sons under sixteen years of age. One of these, it is 
thought, was John Hammar. the founder of the Brothertown family. 
The mother was called ''Widow Margery Hammar," in 1763. 

John Hammar, with his family, came to Brothertown, N. Y., 
before 1804, when lot 109 was assigned to him. He was then 
about 50 years old. His wife's name is unknown. A lot was after- 
wards assigned for her support " while a widow. 1 ' Chn. : I. John. 
II. Joseph, who had lot 116 in 1814. There was also a Thomas 
Hammar, who married and went to Wisconsin, having children 
Duane, Rufus, Lucinda, Louisa, Lowana, Eveline and Carrie; but 
his relationship is unknown, 

John Hammar ( 1 John) was born about 1780, married Elizabeth 
Crosley, and died about 1823. His widow was living in 1843. 
Chn.: I. John Crosley. II. Ira. III. Samuel. IV. Louisa, m. 
David Wiggins. V. Rue, m. Hodge. 

John Crosley Hammar ( 2 John, ijohn) married Esther, daughter of 
William Johnson. Chn. : I. Alexander^ was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav. 
II. Irene. III. Lucretia. IV. John Emery, b. Sept. 8, 1851. He 
is one of the Headmen of the Brothertown Indians. V. Francis M. 

Ira Hammar ( 2 John, 1 John) married (i) Elizabeth Dick; (2) 
Elizabeth Johnson. He moved to Wisconsin in 1836. and died in 
1872. Chn. : I. Olive. II. Jams, was in the 35th Wis. Vols., and 
died after his return. III. Wesley. IV. Amelia. V. Franklin. 
VI. George, was in Co. K, 4th W 7 is. Cav. VII. John, was in the 
38th Wis. Vols., and died after his return. 

Samuel Hammar (2 John, 1 John) married Polly Johnson, and lived 
on lot 132 at Brothertown. Chn. : I. Louisa. II. Lorry. III. 
Henry, was in Co A, ist W r is. Vols., and died at Chaplin Hills, Oct. 
15, 1862. 

HARRY, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. This was a 
numerous family in New England. Christopher, or "Kit" Harry 
had several sons in 1761, one of whom was Christopher, born in 
1747. This son was a soldier in the Revolution, moved to Brother- 


town before 1795, and received lot 27. He soon returned to Charles- 
town, became a councilor of the tribe, and died there. He was an 
early friend of Christian education among his people. His wife's 
name was Clowe, and they had a son Augustus, who also became a 
councilor. Gideon Harry, perhaps the youth, who, with his parents 
Gideon and Judah Harry joined the Stonington church, April 18, 
1742, came to Brothertown, and in 1796 was given lot I. He mar- 
ried there Prudence Poquiantup Cujep, and had a son Gideon, who 
removed to White River. 

HART, Probably of the Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. One of 
that name was a late comer at Brothertown, and married Nancy 
Brushel. They had a son, Simeon Hart, born in 1810, who married 
Lura, daughter of Rhodolphus Fowler. He was town clerk from 
1832 to 1835, removed to Wisconsin in 1836, and died July I, 1847. 
Chn. : I. (Jrvill Amon, m. Sarah P. Commuck, was in Co G, 36th 
Wis. Vols., and died after his return. II. Rolett B., d. 1851, ae. 13. 
III. Sarah E., d. 1838, ae. 2. 

HUTTON, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Samuel Hutton, 
living at Charlestown in 1745, was doubtless the father of Amos 
Hutton, an early settler at Brothertown, living on lot 5 in 1795. 
President Dwight visited him in 1799, and says he had "a good 
house, well finished, and a large barn, well built." He was an 
" example of industry, economy and punctuality. 1 " In the list of 
1795 he is said to have been 38 years of age, and his wife, Elizabeth, 
53. They died at Brothertown, he about 1810, leaving no children. 

ISAACS, Thomas Isaacs, of a tribe unknown, aged 20, and The- 
tura, his wife, aged 18, were given lot 24 at Brothertown, in 1795. 
He was interested in the White River emigration, and removed 
thither. The sawmill stood on his lot, which was deeded to Thomas 
Dean in 1828. 

JOHNSON, Mohegan tribe, Mohegan, Conn. This family was of 
the oldest Mohegan stock. In 1723 Manahawon Johnson was living 
at Mohegan. and probably he was the Manghaughwont who signed 
with the tribe in 1714. The name " Johnson " was taken from a 
white family. This man had three sons, and perhaps a fourth. 
Zachariah, or Zachary, became a famous councilor of the tribe, and 
died in September, 1787, at an advanced age. Joseph's story is told 
elsewhere. He had children, Joseph and Amy. Ephraim became a 
councilor of the tribe in 1742. 

Joseph Johnson ( l Joseph) born in April, 1752, mnrried Dec. 2, 
J 773' Tabitha, a daughter of Rev. Samson Occom. The details of 
his life are related in this volume. They had two sons, William, 


born Sept. 2, 1774, and Joseph, born in 1776. After their father's 
death, the sons lived at Mohegan,*and shared in the distribution of 
lands in 1790. Joseph went to Brothertovvn; received lots 133 and 

134 in 1797; and married Sarah in 1799. They returned, 

about 1820, to Mohegan, and died there. 

John Johnson is said by his descendants to have come from 
Charlestown, but the name is not found in Narragansett lists. A 
" widow Johnson" was living at Mushantuxet in 1766, and her hus- 
band m ly have come from Mohegan, and her children have moved to 
Charlestown. John Johnson married, before his emigration to 
Brothertovvn, a white woman, whence came the white blood, dis- 
tinctly visible in this family. She died about 1780, and he married an 
Indian named Eunice, who returned to New England about 1843, an< ^ 
died there. He came to Brothertovvn about 1800, receiving lots 55 
and 56 in 1804. These were sold in 1828 tor the benefit of Emanuel, 
William and John Johnson, "sons of John Johnson, deceased." He 
was an intelligent, Christian Indian, prominent in town affairs, and a 
peacemaker from 1 8 1 7 to 1821. He worked at the shoemaker's trade. 
Beside the three sons he had daughters, Esther and Elizabeth. 

John Johnson (* John). born in 1774, married (i) Abigail Poqui- 
antup (?) ; (2) Mercy Thomas. His first wife was killed by falling 
from a cart. He settled on lot 138, assigned to him in 1804, was a 
peacemaker from 1808 to 1821, and was titled "Esquire Johnson," 
in honor of his service. In 1836 he removed to Wisconsin, where he 
died May 10, 1860, aged 86. Chn. : I. Abigail, by ist wife, m. 
James Niles. II. John W. III. Henry, m. Avis Sampson. He 
was in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols., and died at Perry ville, Nov. 6, 1862. 
IV. Colen Bardit, m. Electa Scippio. V. Elizabeth, m. Ira Ham- 
mar. VI. Anna Thomas. 

John VV. Johnson ( 2 John, 1 Jolin) was born at Brothertown, N. Y., 
Dec. 28, 1818, and died at Brothertown. Wis., Feb. 27, 1881. He 
married twice, his second wife being Rebecca Abner, the widow of 
Simeon Adams. She is living at an advanced age, and is one of the 
most intelligent of women, with a remarkable memory and knowledge 
of tribal history. Chn. : ist wife: I. Gazelle M.. d. April 20, 1846. 
II. Jeremiah E., d. Nov. 28, 1851, ae. 18. III. Emanuel P., d. 
Oct 27, 1857, ae. 19. By 2d wife: IV. Samuel. V. Wayland L., d. 
April 4, 1870, ae. 17. VI. Rozetta C., b. Sept. I, 1857, m. Stevens, 
and d. March 10, 1878. 

William Johnson ( 1 John) married Charlotte Skeesuck, and they 
removed to Wisconsin in 1832, where they died. Chn. : I. Esther, 
b. Nov. 10, 1813. m. John Crosley Hammar. II. Nancy, m. Jona- 
than Schooner. III. William, m. (i) Charlotte Wiggins (2) Mandy 
Dick. IV. Orrin G. V. Elisha. VI. Abigail, m. George Skeesuck. 
VII. Huldah. 


Orrin G. Johnson (2 William, ijohn) married (i) Wealthy J. 
Fowler, who died Aug. 6, 1849, ae. 22; (2) Mary, daughter of 
Peter Crowell. He was a lay preacher, removed to Minnesota, and 
died there in 1880, aged 65. Amasa, Horenzo, Orsil and Maie, his 
children, all died young. 

Emanuel Johnson ( 1 John) married Martha, daughter of David 
Fowler, lived on lot 61, and removed to Wisconsin in 1834, where he 
soon died. Chn. : I. Eunice, m. Nathan C. Dick. II. Jeremiah W., 
m. Jemima Dick, went to Wisconsin in 1834, and died there. They 
had sons Ovaado F. was in Co. C, 35th Wis. Vols., and died Aug. 
4, 1864; William H. was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav. III. Rowland. 
IV. David. V. Mary V., m. L. D. Fowler. VI. Phebe. VII. 

Rowland Johnson ( 2 Emanuel, 1 John') was born at Brothertown, 
N. Y., Feb. 22, 1816. He married (i) Nov. 18, 1840, Almira, 
daughter of Rhoclolphus Fowler, who died July 31, 1850, ae. 31 ; (2) 
Barbara, daughter of William Dick. He removed to Wisconsin, was 
an honored and influential citizen, and died in 1897. Chn. : By 1st 
wife: I. Oscar. II. Henry, d. young. III. Hiram, d. 1853. By 
2d wife: IV. Loren M., was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and died after 
his return. V Melville, who served in Co. K, 4th Wis. Cav., and 
resides at Brothertown, Wis. 

Oscar Johnson ( 3 Rowland, 2 Emanuel, 1 John) was born at Brother- 
town, Wis., March 28, 1842, was educated in the common school, 
and worked on the farm until 1861, when he enlisted in Co. B, 5th 
Wis. Vols. He served his country throughout the war, and was 
wounded at Sailor's Creek, April 6, 1865. He married, Dec. 22, 
1867. Ellen Jane, daughter of Isaac Dick, and has a son, Harley A. 
Johnson. He is one of the Headmen of the Brothertown Indians, 
and an honored citizen. 

David Johnson ( 2 Emanuel, l John) removed to Wisconsin in 1831, 
being one of the first settlers. He married Abigail, daughter of W 7 il- 
liam Dick, who died June 8, 1859, a g e d 57- He died in 1896. 
Chn. : I. Gracy, d. young. II. Lewis, was in Co. I, 5th Wis. Vols. 

KINDNESS, KINESS. Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. The only 
one of this name in tribal lists is John Kindness, who signed a docu- 
ment in 1788. Thomas Kindness, who may have been a son, 
removed to Brothertown about 1815, settled on lot 78, and was 
killed shortly afterwards in a brawl by Nathan Paul. His wife's 
name was Phebe. Chn.: I. Janvs. II. Thomas, m. Christiana Paul. 
III. Prudence. IV. Phebe, m. David Fowler. 

James Kindness ( l Thomas) married Hannah Dick, who died Nov. 
30, 1 86 1, oe. 54. He was town clerk from 1825 to 1830, and from 
183510 1841. Chn.: I. Laton. II. Ira. III. Isaac. There were 


others of this name at Brothertown, doubtless descendants of 
Thomas. George Kindness was in the Civil War. Lewis Kindness 
served in Co. I, 5th Wis. Vols., and James H. Kindness in a Kansas 

MATTHEWS, MARTHERS, A John Matthews of the Narragansett 
tribe is mentioned in our history. He is thought to have removed to 
Brothertown as an early settler, and died there. Eliphalet Marthers 
was an orphan, and possibly a son of John, as he was adopted by 
Abraham Simons, the latter's cousin, or by his widow, Sarah Adams 
Simons. In 1795 he was 13 years old, and then bore the name 
Adams', which he changed to Marthers about 1804. In 1828, part 
of lot 126, assigned to him in 1804, was sold, for the benefit of 
" Eliphalet Adams otherwise Eliphalet Marthers an Indian." He 
became prominent in tribe and town, was a peacemaker for twenty 
years, and was called "Esquire Matthews." He married Elizabeth 
Crosley, who died at Brothertown, N. Y. ; removed to Wisconsin 
about 1839, and died Sept. 5, 1851. Chn. : I. Rozina, m. C. D. 
Sampson. II. Lovina, m. E. C. Adams. III. Rozetta, m. O. D. 
Fowler. IV. Sarah. V. John. VI. Ransom. VII. Seth. VIII. 

John Matthews ( l Eliphalet) married Adelia, daughter of George 
Sampson, removed to Wisconsin in 1836, and died Feb. 24, 1883, 
aged 70. Chn.: I. Eliza. II. Amanda. III. Esther. 

Ransom Matthews ( x Eliphalet) married Maria, daughter of George 
Sampson, and died at Brothertown, Wis., June 13, 1866, in his 49th 
year. Chn.: I. Arsula, b. Sept. 14, 1844. II. Matthew, d. 1873, 
ae. 13. 

ington, Conn. Solomon Maussauk, born in 1723, was an early convert 
at Farmington, and he and his wife Eunice were church members. 
He owned lands there, and bought lot 51 in the "south-east divis- 
sion'Mn 1765. More of his story is given elsewhere in this volume. 
His son, Daniel Mossuck, was a pupil at Lebanon, was interested in 
the emigration, became a Revolutionary soldier in Capt. William 
Judd's company of the Third regiment " Connecticut Line," and died 
at Farmington. Luke Mosuck of Brothertown, N. Y., is said to have 
been his son. He was born at Farmington in 1769. removed to the 
Indian town before 1795, and received lot 61. As this was forfeited 
in 1797, he probably returned to New England, but his son Daniel 
held lot 65 in 1824, and another son, Newton, received part of lot 
116 in 1827. The latter moved to Wisconsin in 1834, and was 
frozen to death on Winnebago Lake. 


NILES, NYLES, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. In 1747, 
and for years afterwards, James Niles, aged 34, a kinsman of Samuel 
Niles, the Indian preacher* was a councilor of this tribe. In 1763, he 
and his wife Jerusha ha r l two daughters and a son, James Niles, the 
latter afterwards a pupil at Lebanon. This son was interested in the 
emigration ; became a Revolutionary soldier in the Second Con- 
necticut regiment in 1780, and a Rhode Island regiment in 1781 ; 
removed to Brothertown about 1796, and received lots 41 and 42. 
These were divided among his heirs in 1829. He married Barbara 
Poquiantup, who died before him. Chn. : I. James. II. Lucy, m. 
John Seketer. III. Mary, m. Nathan Pendleton, a mulatto, and 
died, leaving two sons, Joshua and Peter, who by the tribal laws were 
denied rights in the Brothertown lands. IV. Rhoda, m. (i) Charles; 
(2) Daniel Wauby. V. Phebe, m. Joseph Wauby. 

James Niles ( 2 James, l James) married Abigail Johnson, received 
lot 93 in 1804, and removed to Wisconsin in 1834, where he died 
Sept. 7, 1863, m hi s ^3d year. Chn. : I. Phebe, m. John Collins 
Fowler. II. Andrew, m. Fanny A., dau. of Lorenzo Fowler, and 
died Sept. 18, 1864, ae. 23. III. John, m. Harriet A., dau. of 
David Fowler. IV. Samuel, d. 1853, ae. 17. V. Solomon, m. 
Cordelia, dau. of Lorenzo Fowler, and was in the 38th Wis. Vols. 
during the Civil War. 

OCCUM, Mohegan tribe, Mohegan, Conn. We sum up the early 
history of this family given elsewhere in these pages : * Tomockham 
alias Ashneon" had three sons "Joshua Ockham, 1 ' " Tomocham 
Jun r " and "John Tomocham." The latter signed in 1738 as "son 
of the aforesaid Tomockham.'" He probably married Elizabeth, a 
descendant of Oweneco, known as " Betty Aucum widow" in a Nor- 
wich deed of 1745. She was a member of the Montville church. 
John Occom, head of a family about 1765, was doubtless her son. 
"Tomocham Jun r " probably was the "Thomas Occom" who signed 
as such in 1749, and was a soldier in Capt. Ebenezer Leache's com- 
panyini755. If so, he was living in 1764, and unmarried. "Joshua 
Ockham," was a councilor, of Ben Uncas in 1742, and died before 
May 17, 1743, leaving a widow Sarah, and the following children:^ 
I. Joshua, b. about 1716. II. Samson, b. 1723. III. Jonathan, b. 
1725. IV. Lucy, b. about 1731. Lucy married John Tantaquid- 
geon, and died in 1830 at Mohegan. She had the following children : 
I. Lucy, m. Peter Teecomwas, and had Eliphalet, Cynthia, who mar- 
ried a Hoscott, and Sarah, who married Jacob H. Fowler. II. John, 
was a Revolutionary soldier, removed to Brothertown, received lot 
139 in 1816, and was living therein 1843. HI. Jerusha. IV. David. 
V. Bartholomew. VI. Parthenia. Joshua Occom married Eunice 

, a Pequot Indian. He was a soldier in Capt. Joshua AbelPs 



company in 1755. His name is in a list of 1765, but she is called 
" Widow Eunice " in 1769. She died about 1809. They had the 
following children: I. Ann. II. Joshua, died before 1782. III. 
David, who was a soldier in Colonel Parsons' regiment in 1776, and 
died in the service. IV. Eunice, S. April, 1787. Jonathan Occom 
was a soldier in Capt. Ebenezer Leaches company in 1755, an< ^ * n 
Capt. Zachaeus Wheeler's company in 1758. He survived the French 
wars, and in 1775 enlisted in Capt. John Durkee's company of Gen- 
eral Putnam's regiment, serving throughout the war. He returned to 
Mohegan, received 20 acres ol land in the distribution of 1790, and 
was living there in 1804. In lists he is called '?a single man 1 ' and 
a " brother of Samson." 

Samsom Occom needs no further notice here. His children were 
as follows : I. Mary, b. 1752. She was living in 1769, but nothing 
is known of her afterwards. II. Aaron, b. .1753, married Ann, 
a daughter of Samuel Robin of the Wangunk tribe, and died in 
the winter of 1771, at Mohegan, leaving a son Aaron. III. Tabitha, 
b. 1754, m. Joseph Johnson. IV. Olive, b. 1755, m. Solomon 
Adams. V. Christiana,' b. 1757, m. Anthony Paul. VI. Talitha, 
b. 1761 . We think she married a Cooper. She died at or near Farm- 
ington in May, 1785, leaving at least one child. VII. Benoni, b. 
1763, married and had one child, but in 1808 he was living at Mohe- 
gan and had no family. VIII. Theodosia (Dorothy), b. 1769, and 
was living in 1789 at Mohegan. IX. Lemuel Fowler, b. 1771, and 
was drowned at Mohegan in 1790. X. Andrew Gifford, b. 1774, 
went to Brothertown, and had a lot there which he leased April 12, 
1792. He married, and his death occurred before 1796, when 
" Widow Patience Occum " was given lot 41 . They had a son, Sam- 
som Occom, who lived at Brothertown, received part of lot 19 in 
1827, and removed, it is said, with his wife Elizabeth to White River. 
Some Indians say he joined the Stockbridge tribe, writing his name 
Yoccom, and has descendants among them. XI. Sally, b. 1784. 
Occom called her his "child," but she may have been a grandchild. 
She went to Brotherto,wn, and died there. * " 

OCCUISH, CUISH, KUISH, KEWISH, Niantic tribe, Niantic, Conn. 
Philip Occuish, born in 1716, was converted in 1740, and became a 
prominent Christian Indian. He had some education and was a Bap- 
tist minister, conducting services sometimes in his own house. In 
1761 he had four boys and three girls, and his widowed mother, aged 
70, lived with him. He was living at Niantic in 1784, and Occom 
wrote of him as "Old Brother Philip Cuish." His wife Sarah died 
April 1 6, 1787, in her 67th year; Their sons, or grandsons, Joshua 
and Abraham Occuish, removed to Brothertown, N. Y., and Philip 
Occuish lud lots 100 and 103 assigned to him in 1799. As Iot I0 3 


was afterwards given to Joshua Occuish, perhaps he was a son. He 
and his wife Elizabeth were at Brothertown in 1804. They removed 
about 1817. Their children were: I. John, who received part of lot 
145 in 1831, and was living there in 1843, having a son John and 
probably a daughter Melissa. II. Dimiss, who married and died be- 
fore 1814, leaving a daughter Lurea, the wife of Alonzo D. Dick. 
Ill Elijah, who had part of lot 116 in 1827. IV. Anna, who mar- 
ried and had a son John. Abraham Occuish removed to Brothertown 
before 1804, received lot 131, and died before 1813. 

PALMER, The tribe of this family is unknown. Joseph Palmer was 
at Brothertown, N. Y., in 1818, having lot 92. He married Martha 
Waukeet, a Niantic Indian, removed to Wisconsin in 1834, and was 
murdered by a Stockbridge Indian July 3, 1836. The murderer was 
sentenced to be hanged, but escaped from the jail. In 1854 the widow 
lived at Manchester, Wis., and testified that she had two sisters, Mary 
Paul and Lucy Waukeet, living at Niantic. She married later Solomon 
Paul, and died Jan. 26, 1874, ae. 74. Chn. : I. Prudence. II. 
Lucy, m. Charles Wiggins. III. George. IV. Benjamin, was in 
Co. D, 1 4th Kan. Vols., and died after his return home. 

is said to have come from Martha's Vineyard. Thomas Patchauker was 
an original settler at Brothertown, N. Y., and was chosen fence-viewer 
in 1785. He was then a widower, and died in 1795, his lot number 
14 being then assigned to his daughter Jane. Chn. : I. Jane, b. 
1760, m. Isaac Wauby. II. Thomas, enlisted in the navy, married 
and his wife Abigail lived on lot 65 till her death about 1804. She 
left a son Jeremiah, b. 1801. 

PAUL, There were families of this name at Charlestown, R. I., 
Mohegan, Conn., and Montauk, L. I. The only one which emi- 
grated to New York was of the Narragansett tribe. In the company 
of 1784 were Anthony and John Paul, with their families and widowed 
mother. We think her name was Mary, and her husband was James 
Pawl, living at Charlestown in a wigwam in 1766. George Paul was 
also a son. 

Anthony Paul was born in 1758; married, about 1777, Christiana, 
daughter of Rev. Samson Occom ; lived for a time at Mohegan, cul- 
tivating Joseph Johnson's land; emigrated in 1784 to Brothertown, 
receiving lot 10 in 1795, formerly owned by Occom ; and returned 
eastward about 1797, locating near Lake George, where both died. 
Occom baptized his children in 1787, the first in the town. Chn. : 
I.Samson. II. Sarah, b. 1780. III. James, b. 1782, IV. Phebe, 
b, 1784, living at B. in 1843. V. Benoni, b. 1787, VI. Jonathan, 


b. 1791. Probably also a daughter Christiana, who married Thomas 

Samson Paul (i Anthony), born in 1778, married (i) Hannah, 
daughter of Samuel Brushel, (2) a white woman. Lot 136 was given 
to him in 1799, but he moved to Lake George and died there. By 
his first Wife he had a son Nelson, and a daughter Elizabeth, who 
married Ezekiel Wiggins. 

Nelson Paul (2 Samson, i Anthony) lived at Brothertown, N. Y., 
and married Lura, daughter of B. G. Fowler. Chn. : I. Charles, was 
in ist Wis. Vols. II. William, Billy Paul," the last of his people 
in the old town. III. Rhodolphus. IV. David Occom, who with 
his brother Rodolphus was in a New York regiment during the Civil 
War. V. Hannah. 

John Paul, a Revolutionary soldier in Durkee's regiment, emigrated 
in 1784, and died in the winter of 1794. He located on lot 4, which 
was assigned to his widow Penelope in 1795. She died in 1811. 
Chn.: I. Anne, b. 1785. II. Nathan, b. 1788, m. Sarah, dau. of 
Daniel Skeesuck ; lived on lot 136, assigned to him in 1812; was 
imprisoned three years for killing Thomas Kindness ; and removed to 
Wisconsin in 1832, where he died. III. Mary, b. 1790. IV. John, 
b. 1792. V. Isaiah, b. 1794. 

George Paul was born in 1772 ; probably removed to Brothertown 

in 1784, and received lot 23, in 1795. He married Lucy , and 

they both died before 1828, when Solomon, Moses and Bathsheba 
were heirs. Chn.: I. Amy, b. 1794. II. Solomon, b. 1796, re- 
moved to Wisconsin in 1836." He m. (i) Hannah, dau. of Samuel 
Adams, who d. May 11, 1843, ae. 35; (2) Martha Waukeet, widow 
of Joseph Palmer, who d. 1874. Ch.: George. III. Moses, m. 
Rachael Scippio. IV. Bathsheba, m. George Scippio. 

PETERS, PETER, Montauk tribe, Montauk, L. I. In 1761 John Peter 
and his son John were living at Montauk, the latter having four chil- 
dren. The son was interested in the emigration, and was probably 
the husband of Elizabeth Peters, born in 1737, who was a widow in 
1795, and received lot 106. She had children then at Brothertown, 
as follows: I. George, b. 1761. II. Oliver, b. 17615. III. Rhojja. 
IV. Frederick, possibly also William. 

George Peters vfas an early settler at Brothertown, N. Y., and 
married Eunice, daughter of Elijah Wampy. He settled on lot 118, 
which he received with lot 125, in 1795. He had an evil temper and 
was intemperate. At Rome, N. Y., Feb. 24, 1800, he killed his 
wife, for which crime he was hanged, Aug. 28, 1801. See Jones 1 
Annals of Oneida County, p. 43. Chn.: I. John, b. 1787, and liv- 
ing at B. in 1811. II. Jerusha, b. 1790, m. Josiah Charles. III. 
Elisha, b. 1792. 


Oliver Peters received lot 29 in 1795. His wife's name was Anne. 
Chn. : I. Nathan, b. 1791, living at B. in 1814, and may have been 
the father of Amos, whose sons, Melancthon, William and Martin, 
are named in 1843. Melancthon was in the ist Wis. \^5ls., and 
William was in Co. E, 2ist Wis. Vols., and was killed at Da-lias, Ga., 
June 29, 1864. II. Jeremiah, b. 1795. III. Aurilla, m. John Bald- 
win, had lot 3 in 1825, and inherited part of 106 in 1828 from her 
grandmother, Elizabeth. 

William Peters and his wife, Bridget, lived on lot 148, assigned to 
them in 1804. He died about 1828, and the lot was given to his 
widow, to revert at her death. 

PHARAOH, Montauk tribe, Montauk. L. I. Indians of this name 
were living at Montauk in the seventeenth century, and several fami- 
lies are named in 1761. Ephraim Pharaoh married Phebe Fowler, 
both born in 1747, and was an early settler at Brothertown, N. Y., 
living on lot 17. He also received in 1795 lot 132, for the support 
of his daughter, Priscilla Hannable, a widow. He died before 1825, 
when his lot went to his widow. Chn.: I. Priscilla, b. 1772, d. 
about 1813. II. Temperance, m. B. G. Fowler. III. Phebe, b. 

Benjamin Pharaoh was a brother of Ephraim, and was born in 
1762- He also was an early settler and,. with his wife, Damaris, lived 
on lot 124. Chn.: I. Nancy, b. 1788. II. Benjamin, b. 1790. 
III. Ephraim, b. 1794. 


quot tribe, Groton, Conn., or Niantic tribe, Niantic, Conn. This was 
a prominent family of Christian Indians, and seems to have had one 
branch at Groton and another at Niantic. Occom names Joseph and 
Isaac at the latter place, and Isaac was his cousin. He had an aunt, 
" Hannah Justice, 11 there, who may have been Isaac's mother. His 
language also indicates that he was related to the family at Groton. 
Hannah Poquiantup, Wheelock's pupil, was from Niantic. In 1766 
Samson and Esther Poquiantup, with a family, were living at Groton, 
Esther being of the Mohegan tribe. She became a widow before 
1787, and removed to Brothertown, N. Y. Her epitaph in the Deans- 
ville cemetery reads: "In Memory of Esther Pouquenup, who was a 
member of the Mohegan Tribe of Indians. Died Jan. 22, 1822, a 
practical and exemplary Christian, Aged 96 years & 3 months. 11 
One daughter, Esther, married Jacob Fowler. There was also a 
daughter Eunice. The epitaph of Prude Harry, in the Deansville 
cemetery, says she was the " daughter of Sampson and Eunice Pou- 
quenup, 1 ' a statement which we cannot reconcile with the above facts 
unless there was a son Samson. Aaron Poquiantup, a single man, 


with whom his mother's family were living, received lot 130 at Broth- 
ertown, in 1795. His epitaph at Dickville says he was "a member 
of the Nahantic tribe of Indians, R. I." He was town treasurer, 1808 
to 1810, and his lot was sold for his benefit in 1832, He died Dec. 
2, 1835, ae. 5^ an d his wife Lovinia died Aug. 14, 1835, ae. 45. 
Solomon Poquiantup, probably his brother, received lot 137 in 1804. 

POTTER, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Sampson Potter 
emigrated to Brothertown about 1804, and received lot 147 in 1813. 
He was. probably a son of Daniel and Mary Potter, of Charlestown, 
in 1783. Amy Potter, who married Jacob Fowler, and Hannah Pot- 
ter, who married William Dick, were probably his kindred. Samp- 
son died about 1832, when his lot was sold for the benefit of Jason, 
Katura and Sally Potter, and Rasselas Scippio, his heirs. Jason 
married Carlin Cook, and they had a son Henry in the 32d Wis. 
Vols. , who was frozen to death on Winnebago Lake. 

ROBBINS, ROBBENS, ROBIN, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, Conn. This 
family originally came from Middle-town, and belonged to the Wan- 
gunk tribe.. David Robin, of Farmington, was interested in the emi- 
gration in 1773, but probably died before 1777. His wife Hannah 
owned land there at that date. She removed to Brothertown, N. Y., 
with her daughter Rhoda, and received lot 116. Rhoda died about 
1814, and her mother in 1827. 

ROBERTS, In 1797 lot 102, at Brothertown, was assigned to Abi- 
gail, the wife of Thomas Roberts. It was forfeited later, and lot 101 
was given her in 1821, part of which was sold in 18^3 for Abigail 
Roberts, and the balance in 1842 for Abigail Fowler, probably a 
daughter. Both are named in the list of 1843. 

SAMPSON, Pequot tribe, Groton, Conn. In 1762 " Sampson, a 
likely Indian,' 1 aged 33, was living in a house at Mushantuxet. He 
had eight children, one of whom was James. He died before 1787, 
when his wife is called " Widow Sampson." She was an earnest 
Christian Indian. James removed to Brothertown, N. Y., with his 
wife Sarah and their children about 1797, when lot 10, formerly 
owned by Samson Occom and Anthony Paul, was assigned -to him. 
He died about 1815. Chn. : I. George. II. Abel. III. Eveline. 

IV. David, who received part of lot 112 in 1828, and died in N. Y. 

V. James, d. in N. Y. VI. Fanny. VII. John, who received part 
of lot 113 in 1828. 

In the census list of 1843, tne following names are found which 
probably represent the families of David, James, or John Sampson 
Moses, Catharine, George W., Emily, Rufus, Alonzo, Avery, Avis, 


and Mills W. Clark D. Sampson was also a descendant. He mar- 
ried Rozina Matthews, removed to Wisconsin, and died in 1884, aged 
65 They had sons, James J. and George, in Co. E, 2ist Wis. 
Vols., the latter dying March 6, 1865, and a daughter, Almira J.. 
the wife of O. D. Dick. 

George Sampson ( l James) married Lucena, daughter of William 
Dick; received part of lot 112 in 1817 ; was a peacemaker from 1821 
to 1824, and died at Brothertown, N. Y., in 1839. His lot was then 
disposed of for his daughters. Chn. : I. Delia (Adelia) m. John 
Matthews. II. Maria, m. Ransom Matthews. III. Jane, m. John 
Foss, a white man. IV. Sophia, m. John Coyhis. 

Abel Sampson (i James) married Esther, daughter of John M. 
Simons; received lot 115 in 1819; and died at Brothertown about 
1830. His widow removed to Wisconsin in 1844. Chn.: I. James. 
II. Melirida (Malvina). III. WeltheaA. IV. Grizel H. V.Ralph 
W. VI. Eliza E. 

SCIPPIO, This family came from Montauk, but the name is not 
found in early lists of that tribe. Two brothers, Samuel and Obadiah, 
were among the first settlers at Brothertown, N. Y. 

Samuel Scippio, born in 1764, and his wife Charlotte, born in 1767, 
with five children, were living on lot 21 in 1795. He was a peace- 
maker from 1796 to 1807, and from 1812 to 1820. He died shortly 
after the latter date. His widow, " Loty Scippio,' 1 was living in 
1843. Chn.: I. Sarah, b. 1787, m. Anthony. II. Isaac, b. 1789, 
received lot 50 in 1813, which he and his wife Julia sold in 1829, re- 
moving in 1831 to Wisconsin, where they died. III. Jacob, b 1791, 
received lot 97 in 1813, married Clarinda, daughter of Elijah Wam- 
py, who inherited from her father in 1828, and removed later to Wis- 
consin. .They returned East during the tirrfe of cholera, and were 
never heard of more. IV. Esther, b. 1793. V. Abraham, b. 1795. 
VI. Richard, who received lot 64 in 1824. VII. Phebe, m. 
Denny, of the Oneida tribe. 

Obadiah Scippio was born in 1766. He married Elizabeth, daugh- 
ter of David Fowler, removed to Brothertown, and settled on lot 13. 
He died about 1806. His widow afterwards married George Crosley, 
removed to Wisconsin, and died there. Chn.: I. Dennis, b. 1791, 
and living in 1816. II. George, b. May 18, 1795, married Bath- 
sheba Paul, removed to Wisconsin in 1836, and was drowned in Fox 
River. III. Celinda, m. James Simons. IV.* Cynthia. V. Rachel, 
m. Moses Paul. VI. Calvin. 

Charlestown, R. I. This family was very influential in colonial times. 
John Secutor, a son of David Seketer, sent his daughter, Mary Sequet- 


tass, to Wheelock's school in 1763, and in 1767, 'his son, John Secutor, 
was a pupil. The son was interested in the emigration plans, and may 
have gone to Brothertown, but ..he did not become a permanent 
settler. He was later a councilor of the tribe, and died at Charles- 
town. His son John and daughter Mary, however, removed to 
Brothertown, N. Y. 

John Seketer (i?John, ijohn) was at Brothertown in 1807, when he 
was chosen marshal. In 1813 lot 32 was assigned to him, and, in 
1814, part of lot 52. He was a peacemaker from 1820 to 1822. In 
1832 he sold his estate and removed to Wisconsin. He married 
Lucy, daughter of James Niles, who died about 1830. Chn. : I. 
Samantha, m. Alexander Dick. II. Charlotta, who removed with 
her father and married John Wilber, a white man. III. Charles, 
who married Abigail, daughter of Thomas Wiott, and died in N. Y., 
leaving sons Milo C. and John D. IV. Grace, m. Samuel Skeesuck. 
V. Sarah. 

SHELLEY, Pequot tribe, Stonington, Conn. Several families of this 
name were living there in 1788, from one of which Bradley and 
Simeon Shelley were descended. The former removed to Brother- 
town, N. V., about 1830, and received lot 146. The latter was there 
earlier and received lot 68 in 1820. This was sold in 1834, and he 
afterwards removed to Brothertown, Wis., where he died June 25, 
1860, aged 59. His wife, Sabrina Welch, died Nov. 2, 1869, aged 
65. They had six sons in the Civil War: Elias, in the 3d Wis. 
Vols., Henry and Simeon in Co. E. 2ist Wis. Vols., Lewis in Co. 
H. 32d Wis. Vols., David in Co. K. iQth Wis. Vols., and John in 
the "Pioneer Corps." 

SIMONS, SIMON, Narragansett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. Sarah 
Simons was one of the most faithful Christian Indians in this tribe. 
In 1767 she was a widow with a family of children, and we conjecture 
that her husband was John Simon, named in a list of 1761. She 
sent five children to Wheelock's school, as elsewhere stated, all of 
whom were interested in the emigration, though only Abraham and 
Emanuel removed to Brothertown. 

Abraham Simons, born at Charlestown about 1750, and educated 
under Doctor Wheelock, was probably one of the young men who 
went to Oneida before the Revolution. He returned when the war 
broke out, and enlisted in Capt. Prentice's company of the Sixth 
Connecticut regiment. After the war he returned early to Oneida, 
and was one of the trustees chosen in 1785. He was then married, 
but his wife died in 1786. He married again July 26, 1787, Sarah, 
daughter of John Adams. He is frequently mentioned by Occom, 
and is said to have led an exemplary life. He died at Brothertown, 


and Occom attended his funeral. Lot 12 was assigned to his widow 
in 1795, and was no doubt the early location of his pioneer hut. In 
1797 the house stood in the highway, and she was ordered to remove 
it. Her age was 43 years in 1795, and she was living in 1800. Her 
lot passed to Eliphalet Mariners, and he sold it in 1832. Abra- 
ham and Sarah Simons had a son Reuben, born in 1790, who 
practised medicine in an Indian fashion at Brothertown until about 

Emanuel Simons, born about 1746, after attending school fora 
time at Lebanon, returned to Charlestown. In 1775 he and his 
brother James enlisted in Capt. Edward Mott's company of the Sixth 
Connecticut regiment. He was then married and had a family. 
About 1800 he removed, with his children then grown, to Brother- 
town, where he died in 1806. He received lot in in 1804, which 
was divided among his heirs in 1829. Chn. : I. John Mason. II. 
James. III. Dennis, d. unm. in Wis. IV. Cynthia, in. Joseph M. 
Quinney of the Stockbridge tribe. 

John Mason Simons ^Emanuel) came with his father to Brother- 
town, and was chosen marshal in 1801. He received lots 107 and 
1 08 in 1804, and is said to have died in 1822. His estate was 
divided in 1833, doubtless after the death of his wife Lucy. Chn. : 
I. Esther, m. Abel Sampson. II. Sarah, m. James Fowler. III. 
Emeline, m. Jaques. IV. Moses, d. young. 

James Simons ( 1 Emanuel) was born at Charlestown, R. I., March 
7, 1790, came as a youth to. Brothertown and received lot 98 in 
1812. He served as a soldier in the War of 1812, and was by trade 
a plow-maker. He married Celinda (Sylinda) daughter of Obadiah 
Scippio, who removed to Wisconsin in 1835, whither her son James 
had preceded her. The father was killed by an accident in 1825. 
Chn.: I. Elizabeth, m. David Fowler. II. James. 

James Simons ( 2 James, 1 Emanuel) was born at Brothertown, 
N. Y., Jan. 21, 1821, and died at Kaukauna, Wis., Jan. 25, 1898. 
He removed to Wisconsin in 1835, and during his later years lived at 
Kaukauna, where a son survives him. He was a carpenter by trade 
and also cultivated a farm. At the time of his death he was one of 
the Headmen of the Brothertown Indians,"* and was greatly respected 
as an intelligent and honorable citizen. 

sett tribe, Charlestown, R. I. John Skeesuck was one of the early set- 
tlers at Brothertown, and he came from Charlestown. He was born 
in 1746, and his name occurs in a list of 1763. Probably Elizabeth 
Skeesuck, a widow with three sons in 1761, was his mother, and we 
think his father was John Skeesuck, a soldier in 1755. 

John Skeesuck was interested in the emigration plans, and was 


Johnson's companion in 1775. He was a Revolutionary soldier in 
Col. John Topham's regiment of Rhode Island troops in 1775, and 
probably saw later service. He aemoved to Brothertown after the 
war and located on lot 26. He was a peacemaker from 1796 to 1807, 
and probably died in office. His wife's name was Anne, born in 
1747. The following were certainly their children, and there W'ere 
probably others older : I. Christopher, b. 1776, who received lot 22 
in 1804, was town clerk from 1804 to 1809, and died at Brother- 
town, leaving a son John, his only heir, in 1831. II. Sarah, b. 1780. 
III. John, b. in 1782, received lot 77 in 1804. IV. Charlotte, b. 
1790, m. William Johnson. 

John Skeesuck (sChristopher, ijohn) was born in 1782, married 
Hannah Galin, inherited lot 22 from his father and lot 26 from his 
grandmother Anne. Lot 83 also was assigned to him. They had a 
son Henry who removed to Wisconsin. 

Daniel Skeesuck came from Charlestown to Brothertown about 
1800. One of this name is in a list of 1763, and was a councilor of 
his tribe in 1774, continuing as such to 1791. We do not know 
whether he or his father was the Indian who settled in Brothertown. 
The emigrant was well advanced in life, however, and we think he 
was a brother of John Skeesuck. He received lots 43 and 48 in 
1804, and at the same time lots were assigned to Simon and Bennet 
Skeesuck, probably the sons of John or Daniel. The estate of 
Daniel Skeesuck was divided in 1828, the following heirs receiving 
shares Samuel Skeesuck, Sen., Daniel Skeesuck, Sally, the wife 
of Nathan Paul, Nancy, the wife of Asa Dick, Eliza and Martha 
Skeesuck, and Abigail Brushel. Eliza and Martha Skeesuck are said 
to have been daughters of Arnold Skeesuck, which indicates that 
Arnold was a son of Daniel. 

Samuel Skeesuck (iDaniel) was born at Charlestown in 1772. He 
married Mary Seketer, born in 1775, a sister of John Seketer, and 
they were at Brothertown in 1795. She died in New York, but 
he removed to Wisconsin in his old age. Chn. : I. Daniel, m. 
Sylvia Abner; received lot 80 in 1827; removed to Wisconsin and 
in 1852 to Kansas, where both died, leaving a daughter Mary. II. 
Abraham, m. Adeline, daughter of Paul Dick ; received lot 70, which 
was sold for him in 1829 : and removed to Wisconsin in 1832. They 
had children, Mary, Lester and Lyman. III. Samuel, m. Grace, 
daughter of John Seketer; received lot 69 in 1821, and removed to 
Wisconsin. Their children were Solomon, called Sykes, who was in 
the Civil War and died after reaching home, Dorcas, and John who 
was in Co. H, 5th Wis. Vols., and died at Brothertown, Wis. IV. 
Fanny, m. Hezekiah Fowler. V. Lucy, m. Henry Welch. 

Arnold Skeesuck, probably the son of Daniel, received lot 49 in 
1804, which was sold in 1836, Eliza, Arnold and Abigail having 


shares. He died at Brothertown, N. Y., about 1820, and his widow 
married B. G. Fowler. Chn. : I. Arnold. II. Samuel. III. David. 
IV. Eliza. V. Martha. VI. Abigail (?). George Skeesuck, whose 
mother was Thankful Dick, is thought to have been also of this 
family. He married Abigail Johnson, and removed to Wisconsin. 
They had a son, Rufus, in Co. I, 5th VVis. Vols. 

Arnold Skeesuck ( 1 Arnold) married Hannah Walker, a white 
woman, removed to Wisconsin, and died March I, 1877, aged 60. 
She died June 4, 1873, aged 60. Chn. : I. Sylvester was in Co. A, 
^dWis. Cav. II. Madison was in Co. D, 35th Wis. Vols., and died 
at Port Hudson, May 22, 1864. 

Simon Skeesuck came to Brothertown about 1800, and settled on 
lot 51, assigned to him in 1804. In 1824 this was given to his son, 
Daniel, on condition that he support his mother if she becomes 
chargeable. It was sold for " Daniel Skeesuck, ist," in 1835. The 
wife of Simon Skeesuck is said to have borne the name Hannah, and 
their son, Simon, was in the 3d Regiment Wis. Vols., and was 

Tocus, Joseph Tocus is said to have come to Brothertown from 
Charlestown. He received lot 59 in 1813, and married Grace, 
daughter of George Crosley. They sold in 1834, and removed to 
Wisconsin. Later, he went to Kansas and died there. She was 
well educated, and taught a school in the Indian town. Thomas 
Tokus, of the Brothertown tribe, was a soldier in the Civil War, but 
his relationship is unknown. 

TOUCEE, TOWSEY, TOWCEE, TowsEE, Tunxis tribe, Farmington, 
Conn. David and Sarah Towsey were the results of early instruc- 
tion at FaFinington, and became influential Christian Indians. He 
was a soldier in Capt. John Patterson's company in 1755 and 1756, 
and in Col. Nathan Whiting's company in 1762. In 1769 he sold 
his land at Indian Neck, being then "of Stockbridge," and in 1774 
he was at Kingsbury, near Fort Edward. He maintained, however, 
his tribal interest, and was sometimes at Farmington. In 1772 he 
wrote Doctor Wheelock, asking him to talce his two sons for instruc- 
tion. Benjamin was at Hanover in 1777. David Towsey di^d about 
1778, and his widow removed to Brothertown, receiving lot 45 in 
1796. As it was afterwards forfeited, she doubtless returned to New 
England. Chn. : I. Benjamin. II. Joseph, b. 1769. 

Benjamin Toucee ( l David) was born in 1765 at Fa'rmington, 
attended school there and at Hanover, and was a Revolutionary 
soldier in Capt. Hull's company from West Stockbridge, Mass., 
being then aged 17. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Andrew 
Curricomb, and they removed to Brothertown, settling on lot 20, 


assigned to him in 1795. Both died there, and his lot was sold for 
his children in 1828. Chn. : I. Aaron, b. 1793, received his grand- 
mother's lot in 1817, which was sold for him in 1828. He married 
Lydia Brushel. II. Sarah Ann, m. Elkanah Dick. III. David, born 
at Brothertown, Aug. 9, 1800, was bound out to the Misses Kirkland 
when eleven years old. In 1824 he received part of lot 87. He mar- 
ried Eunice, daughter of Josiah Charles, and they removed to Wis- 
consin, where he died about 1844, and she in 1886. 

TOXCOIT, TOXCOIET, James Toxcoit of the Narragansett tribe, 
born in 1744, was an early emigrant to Brothertown, where he leased 
his lot in 1791 to Abraham Oaks. In 1795 he received lot 19. His 
wife's name was Barsha, born in 1753. They both died at Brother- 

TUHIE, TUHUY, TUHI, TutiiGH, ToHOY, Narragansett tribe, 
Charlestown, R. I. In the census of 1761 is the name John Tohoy, 
then above 16 years, and the son of Joseph and Jane. We have reason 
to think that this was John Tuhie, born in 1744, who was interested 
in the emigration, and removed to Brothertown after the Revolution. 
Lots ii and 18 were assigned to him in 1795, the latter for the sup- 
port of Elizabeth Cognehew, a widow, aged 60. He was a prominent 
man and a peacemaker from 1796 to 1811. His epitaph reads John 
Tuhie Esq. Died December 14, i8n. Aged 65 years." His wife, 
Sarah, outlived him, and became blind. They had a son, Jeremiah, 
and also brought up John and Mary Charles. Jeremiah Tuhie was 
born in 1768, married Jerusha Charles, born in 1772, came to Broth- 
ertown in 1788, and settled on lot 8. Chn.: I. Eliza. II. John, 
who had a cousin Joseph Tuhie, whom he killed in a quarrel. See 
Jones 1 Annals of Oneida County, p. 44. 

WAMPY, WIMPEY, WEAMPY, WEAMPEE, Tunxis tribe, Farming- 
ton, Conn. Elijah Wampy, born in 1734, was one of the well 
known Indians of his day. He was educated in the Farmington 
school, owned land there, and bought more, served as a soldier in 
1757, and became conspicuous in tribal affairs. He was one of the 
leaders in the emigration plans, and removed to Oneida in 1775. 
During the Revolution he was at Stockbridge, but returned as soon 
as it was safe to do so, settling on lot 117, where he lived until -his 
death. Incidents of his adventurous life in the wilderness were 
related among the early settlers for years. He was foremost in the 
Brothertown land troubles, having an ambition for authority, which 
was never gratified. He died, probably, about 1802. His wife, 
Jerusha, died before 1795. We think she was a second wife, and 
his first was Eunice Waucus, who died at Farmington. Chn. : I. 


Eunice, d. 1767, as. 3. II. Elijah. III. Eunice, 2d, m. George 
Peters. IV. Sarah. V. Hannah. VI. Charles, who received lot 
63 in 1804. VII. Esther. VIII. Jerusha, in. Charles. The heirs 
to lot 117, in 1831, were Elijah, Esther, Jersuha and Clarinda. 

Elijah Wampy (! Elijah) was born, in 1765, and married widow 
Elizabeth Peters, born in 1761, whose daughter, Mary Peters, was 
living with them in 1795. He lived on lot 15, and died at Brother- 
town about 1812. In 1828, his only living child was Clarinda, born 
in 1791, who married Jacob Scippio, though he had a son, Elijah, 
born in 1794. 


WAUBY, WOBBY, WAPPY, WOBI, WOYBOY, Narragansett or Pe- 
quot tribe. Roger Wauby, born in 1734, belonged to a family orig- 
inally of the Pequot tribe. Some of that name lived at Mushantuxet. 
He had land rights at Stonington, and his name is found in their lists. 
In 1765, however, he was living among the Narragansetts, and he 
signed with them in 1767. He was related to Samson Wauby, 
Wheelock's pupil probably a brother. Occom called him " Brother 
Roger," and we think they were related through Occom's mother. 
He was one of the foremost in the emigration scheme ; became a 
Revolutionary soldier in Capt. Samuel Prentice's company of the 
Sixth Connecticut regiment ; and, after the war, removed to Oneida, 
becoming one of the founders of Brothertown. His first location was 
found to be west of the town, and he moved to lot 3. He is said to 
have lived a consistent Christian life, and was a devoted friend of 
Samson Occom. -He died before 1819, when his lot was assigned to 
his son, Isaac. His widow, Mary, was living in 1808. Chn. : I. 
Isaac. II. A daughter, who married a Paul, and whose sons, An- 
drew and John were living with him in 1795. III. Daniel, who 
married Rhoda Charles, daughter of James Niles, received lots 30 
and 31 in 1797, and died before 1817. His widow held lot 30 during 
her life, and it was sold for Oliver Charles in 1843. IV- Joseph. 

Isaac Wauby ( ! Roger) born in 1762, lived on lot 28. He mar- 
ried Jane, daughter of Thomas Patchauker, who was probably his 
second wife. He had a fair education, and became an exhorter of 
the Freewill Baptist order, being known as "Elder Wauby." 
About 1812 he became a naturalized citizen, the first of his people to 
secure the honor. He moved to White River, Ind., where he died. 
His widow returned to Brothertown, and in 1825 held part of lot 3. 
Ch.: Jehoiakim, b. 1791. 

Joseph Wauby (! Roger) was born in 1776, and married Phebe, 
daughter of James Niles. They lived on lot 33, in 1804. In 1831, 
part of lot 3 was sold for Isaac, James, John and Silas Wauby, and 
Jerusha Dick " heirs of Joseph Wauby deceased." A daughter, Cyn- 
thia, married Thomas Dick. His son, Isaac, married Mary Jakeways 


and they moved to Wisconsin in 1834, where he died about 1870, 
and she Dec. 3, 1888, aged 78. Their children were Amon, Sarah, 
Aaron, who was in Co. D, 35th Wis. Vols., and died at Morganzia, 
Aug. 14, 1864, and Lewis, who was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and 
died after his returr; from the war. Joseph's son, James, married 
Eunice, daughter of Paul Dick, and removed to Wisconsin. 

WAUCUS, WAUKAS, Wowous, Wowowous, WAWAWIS, Tunxis 
tribe, Farmington, Conn. This was one of the original families of the 
tribe.. In 1688 Wawawis was one of the two chosen Tunxis chiefs. 
He died before 1727, when his four children, Peathus, Achatowset, 
James and Eunice released the land he had owned, commonly called 
Indian Neck. James Wowowous had a son, James, born in 1728. 
He attended the early schools at Farmington, became a soldier in 
Capt. John Patterson's company in 1755 " anc ^ r 7S6, and in Capt. 
Timothy Northam's company, ist Regiment N. Y. troops, raised in 
Connecticut in 1762. His wife's name was Rachel. In 1771 he is 
"James Wowous of Farmington, now of Stockbridge." He was 
engaged in the emigration scheme, went to Oneida before the Revo- 
lution, but died before 1778, when "Rachel Wowous" sold their 
Farmington lands. They had children, Susannah and James, and 
perhaps others. 

James Waucus ( 3 James, 2 James, l Wawawis) was born in 1768 
and became a pupil in Joseph Johnson's school at Farmington. He 
married Philena, daughter of Solomon Adams, and settled at Brother- 
town on lot 9. In 1795 his wife's sister, Damaris, who afterwards 
married Jacob Thomas, was living with them. The sisters sold land 
at Farmington in 1801. He died about 1806 and his widow married 
Thomas Crosley. Olive Sampson was heir to lot 9 in 1837. 

Niantic, Conn. This was an old and prominent Indian family. Joshua 
Waukeet was the only one who removed to Brothertown. He received 
lot 60 in 1804, and died there, leaving a widow Susannah, living in 
1812. Martha Palmer, Mary Paul, and Lucy Waukeet, sisters, who 
went to Wisconsin from Niantic, were of this family. 

WIGGINS, Among the settlers at Brothertown, N. Y., in 1795, 
was James Wiggins Titus. He dropped the last name later. He 
married Anne, daughter of Andrew Curricomb, and they lived on lots 
122 and 123. Chn. : L.Martin. II. Mary, b. 1793. III. Samson, 
Perhaps, also, Ethan Wiggins was a son. 

Martin Wiggins ( l James), born in 1791, lived at Brothertown, 
N. Y. He is believed to have been the father of David and Ezekiel, 
The former married Louisa Hammar and they lived at Brothertown, 


Wis. Their son Leander married Henrietta Brushel, was in Co. E, 
2ist Wis. Vols., and died at Cha'plin Hills, Oct. 8, 1862. Another 
son was in Co. A, 2d Wis. Cav., and died in the service. Ezekiel 
Wiggins . married Elizabeth, daughter of Samson Paul, and they 
removed to Wisconsin. Their son Martin married Mary Ann Denny, 
an Oneida Indian, and they had a son Martin in Co. E., 2ist Wis. 
Vols., who died Nov. 30, 1862*. 

Samson Wiggins ( x James) was born a^out 1796, and received lot 
143 in 1824. He married and had the following children, for whom 
his lot was sold in 1833: I. Eli, who was in the i8th Wis. Vols., 
and died at Brothertown, Wis. II. James. III. Samuel IV. Char- 
lotte, m. William Johnson. V. Seth. VI. Hiram, who was in a 
N. Y. regiment in the war. 

WIOTT, WYATT, WIUTT, WIAT, Thomas Wiat, aged 24, was at 
Brothertown in 1795, and received lot 135. In 1828 his land was 
sold for Thomas and Caroline Wiott. He died before 1831. Chn. : 
I. Thomas, who received lot 149 in 1827. II. Daniel. III. Abi- 
gail, m. Seketer. The son Daniel received lot (88) in 1821, where 
he and his wife Rachel lived. They had a son Romance, or "Matt," 
born in 1826, who was brought up by Cynthia Dick, removed to Wis- 
consin, but returned to .New York later, and worked on the Erie 
Canal. He was in Co. K, 26th N. Y. Vols., in the war. At the 
last accounts he had gone to spend his old age in the town where so 
many of his people are buried in forgotten graves. 

*DeLoss Love, William (1899). Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England. Boston: The Pilgrim Press.

The full version of DeLoss Love’s book can be found right here: https://archive.org/stream/samsonoccom00loverich?ui=embed#mode/1up