On This Date

On May 19, 1859, the Wisconsin town that had become home to the Brothertown Indians officially became known as “Brothertown”.  The Brothertown Indians had originally named their new home in Wisconsin “Deansborough” in honor of their agent and friend, Thomas Dean. After the Brotherton became US citizens in 1839, a US Post Office was officially established.  On March 7, 1840, the first postmaster, Thomas Commuck, chose “Pequot” as the town’s official name.  In 1859, and several postmasters later, the name changed again. Under the leadership of Walton Ball, it became known as “Brothertown”.  In between these 2 official names, “Manchester” was also used for a period. 

Photo Credit: The photo above was taken by Gabriel Kastelle. The page shown is from the Brothertown Collection, Box 7, Otto Heller Correspondence file “Correspondences  1832 – 1949”; Accession Number A2010.022.120 (item number 120).

Brothertown Elections June 2020

As you may have heard, Brothertown Indian Nation elections have been postponed until June.  Ballots will be going out in the mail shortly.  Be sure to mark your choices and return your ballot by the date provided in your packet.

Brothertown Forward’s Meet The Candidates forum really helped citizens get to know the candidates and understand their vision for the Tribe.  Notably, almost all are multi-generational Brothertown volunteers.  Here is a list of openings and those running for them:


3 nominees are running for the 2 open Council positions:  Skip Blanc (incumbent), Erin Farris-Olsen, and Tad Delude.  Below, please find bios for those who chose to make their information available here:

Erin Farris-Olsen:  

5A51FBD3-6444-4B97-858D-7AA7C4BC43D7  “I appreciate the opportunity to announce my candidacy for Brothertown Indian Nation Tribal Council. In 2019, my two children were enrolled in our Nation and I never could have envisioned the fire that ceremony lit within me to be more involved and supportive of my children and their cousins as they start their journeys as Brothertown.

Over the years, I have desired to be more involved in our tribal issues. After attending the tribal council meeting in October 2019, I better understood the limited capacity of our tribal government. From my experience, in order to be more involved, it’s not enough to wait for the right moment or opportunity. Sometimes, you just have to jump in.

My background is in non-profit and government program management, conservation, law,
and rural economic development. I am called to leadership because of my visionary tendencies and passion for putting good ideas to action.

My past volunteer efforts for our Nation include assisting on a committee designed to respond to our federal recognition issues in 2009. Recently, I enjoyed helping plan the 2019 Pacific Northwest Gathering and the origination of the Brothertown Department of Natural Resources.

As a tribal council person, I will listen to other council persons and the members and work with other council persons to continue to build the strength of our Nation. Specifically, I care about restoring our sense of community, achieving federal recognition, and exercising our sovereignty.

I would like to apply my skills in organizational management to enhance our financial practices to include annual budgeting and reporting to our membership. I would also like to apply my legal and policy background on our federal recognition effort. Finally, I will be on the lookout for opportunities for members like myself, who would like to be more engaged, to learn more, and to practice our culture. Sharing points of access that will strengthen our community so that future generations never have to question the validity of their heritage.

I am a proactive and energetic spirit and my desire is to make my grandmother proud and be a valuable resource to our Nation, present and future. I hope that my diverse background will be uniquely helpful in serving our members and fulfilling the Council’s responsibility to govern many aspects of our Nation’s affairs.”

You can learn more at Erin’s website:  https://www.erinnuwisuwok.com/


Tad Delude:


“Hello, my name is Tad Delude. I’m a descendent of Lucy Skeesuck, a Narragansett, and Cyrus Welch. I first became interested in our tribe after listening to my grandfather, Dennis Gramentz, tell me about our history. I watched his involvement with the tribe as a former Council Member, Enrollment Chairman, and Peacemaker.

My grandfather grew up in Redwood Falls, Minnesota. Some members of our tribe migrated to Minnesota in search of better land in the late 1800’s. This is how my grandfather originated in Redwood Falls and how many other members of our tribe were spread throughout the Union. My mother, Theresa Delude, married my father, Stephen, and moved to Des Moines, Iowa for my dad’s career, where I was born and raised, along with my two brothers. Later, my grandparents, late uncle, and aunt moved to central Iowa to be closer to family.

I graduated from Des Moines Christian and majored in Political Science at Iowa State University. I have an IT background and run a small videogame 501(c)(3). I pursued political science instead of a harder science because reading, writing, and speaking are not my natural strong points. I was born with the gift of being more technically inclined and enjoy navigating complex systems of any sort. I consider myself an avid learner.

I suffer from severe Crohn’s disease, which I was diagnosed with at age 11. I was on IV nutrition for over 130 days with no food or drink while waiting for a surgery in 2008. My experiences with health issues have taught me to always try to keep life in balance, while maintaining an open mind. Over the years, I became thankful that I had to endure these hardships and will continue to endure them, for without these experiences, I’d be half the person I am today.

After my ordeal with my last bowel resection, I entered the realm of sport skydiving. I’ve been a licensed skydiver and a local skydiving club member for over a decade. Participation in our club meetings has given me first-hand experience in how to run an effective organization composed of diverse personalities. The skydiving world is not that different from being involved in a big extended family, like our tribe. Sometimes, there are various factions that arise over time, but it’s important to remember that we all generally have the same interests at heart.

I believe it’s important to preserve our past, and in order to do that, it will take more young people getting involved within the tribe. I think the modern world is full of things for young people to spend their time on, and as a result, interest in our tribe is declining. Many of us are spread throughout the country, seeking jobs or following their families. I believe we need to focus on bringing everyone back together as a tribe if we hope to survive in the future. We don’t have any federal benefits that bind us together like other tribes do, so it’s up to us to figure out ways to incentivize members to stay engaged, even when we are remote from each other.

As a tribe, we have been facing some important issues, which are currently hot topics of dispute. Specifically, our Red Tagged Files have continued to keep our rolls closed, we have not made any major headway on pursuing an Act of Congress for federal recognition, and government transparency is still not at a level where it probably should be. I don’t believe anyone is to blame for these things, but I do think that this is something we should be aggressively pursuing. I intend to serve more as a listener and a steward than as someone who wants to decide our future. I think whatever we decide to do, it must be done in the spirit of the tribe as a whole.

In closing, I want to make it clear that I am not running to make a name for myself, but rather, I want our tribe to continue progressing far into the future. That is my intent and what I aim for if I am elected.

Thank you for joining me in my thoughts. I hope to hear yours as well. Feel free to reach out to me in any way you like. I enjoy hearing other’s reflections and opinions.



Skip Blanc: Incumbent Skip Blanc did not attend Brothertown Forward’s Meet the Candidates event and did not respond to requests for a bio or photo to post here, but he is planning to run.  Please check your voting packet for more information on this candidate.

The Secretary position, which is both a Council and Officer position, is also open but, so far, no one is running for this spot.  If you’d like to run as a write-in candidate, please let me know and I’d be happy to help spread the word.


There are 2 men running as write-in candidates for the one Peacemaker position.  Please write in 1 of their names on your ballot.  Here is more about them:

Elder Steven Bissell:


I’m Steve Bissell, descended from the ancestry of Clarissa J. Johnson.  I am throwing my hat in the ring for the Peacekeeper position at this election time.  

     I have a DVD of my election platform, which members may receive free by requesting it at my E-mail address: indianboy_whitehawk at yahoo.com, or by sending me a note to Converse Access television, PO Box 1314, Converse, Texas  78109.  Just let me know where to send your DVD copy.

     One thing that would help with inter-tribal communications would be a membership directory. Request and watch the DVD.

      A historic documentary about the BIN could be produced with the DVD offered for sale in the BIN gift shop.  

     These are a few of the ideas to raise funds for the preservation of the Brothertown spirit.  Please vote for me and I pledge to do my best as a Peacekeeper.


                                            Steve Bissell, Elder

Mikel (Mike) Elsen:


“My name is Mikel Elsen and I am asking for your write in vote for Peacemaker. I believe that I am qualified for this position because of my vast experience of building relationships, being inclusive of others and negotiating with various stakeholders.

I have been a supervisor of eight people in the environmental public health sciences for a Washington state agency for 15 years and have been the director of nearly eighty people in that office for the last three years. In these positions, I set policy and have to interpret federal and state laws and regulations, policy, and guidance. Personal accountability, integrity, building relationships and inclusiveness have all contributed to the successful negotiations involving operations and environmental remediation of major facilities. In these negotiations, I have employed a multidisciplinary approach to problem solving and decision-making, having to balance the interests of my agency, affected Tribes, and licensees.

I am a descendant of Lucinda Brushel. Additionally, my mother Renona Welch Elsen was a past member of the tribal council and worked on re-recognition efforts for the tribe.

Thank you for your consideration.”


Who has my vote?  Our young Council candidates who not only have a drive and fire for the Tribe but have clear cut ideas for seeing Brothertown through the next 7 generations as a stronger, better, more vibrant, and more cohesive community.  My Council vote is for Erin Farris-Olsen and Tad Delude.





Brothertown-Related Book Club Wednesday Evenings

The Historical Committee for Calumet and Cross will be hosting a book club event every Wednesday evening. Everyone is invited to participate. Our first book is William DeLoss Love’s, “Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England”. We are reading 1 chapter a week so please plan on reading chapter 1 in anticipation of the first meeting this  Wednesday, April 29, at 7 CT/8pm ET via Zoom.

Don’t have a copy handy? No worries—read it online or download from here: https://brothertowncitizen.files.wordpress.com/2017/01/samsonoccomchris00love.pdf

Please contact me to receive the Zoom link and password.

See you there!

2020 Brothertown Calendar of Events


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Tonight, February 7th at 8pm CT, the Peacemakers will be hosting their monthly meeting on Zoom. Everyone, enrolled or not, is invited to attend. https://zoom.us/j/272190735

Sunday February 16th at 10am CT will be the next Council/General Membership meeting. This event will also be attend-able via Zoom but only for enrolled citizens. If you have not already signed up for online Council meetings, please fill out this short form to do so: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSffhwOkN5PAj8_mwyNk7v6ZFIidZZ48GCZY0oS6gAH46WDzgw/viewform

Calumet and Cross Heritage Society will be hosting an all day singing event at Union Cemetery in Brothertown, Wisconsin on June 27th with dinner coordinated at a nearby home.  Everyone is invited to attend and to sing (shape note style) to our ancestors and honor headman Thomas Commuck on this year’s 175th anniversary of the release of his Indian Melodies.

Here is a list of additional 2020 Brothertown events:

Rocks and Gems Book Released By Brothertown Artist

Congratulations to Brothertown author and artist Suzette Fell Buhr on the release of her new book, Mama Rae’s Rocks And Rhymes!  

Suzette emailed this morning saying, “over the last 4 years, I have been slowly working on a book about my hobby of rocks, gems and minerals. Many of you have seen my Designs in a Nutshell necklaces and they are also on display in this book on pages 131, 205, and 221.  I finally finished this book and it’s officially published on Amazon.com now! The title is: Mama Rae’s Rocks and Rhymes. Check it out! And share it with all your friends and co-workers! Here is the link   https://www.amazon.com/dp/1734328401 ”

Over the years, Suzette has created many one-of-a-kind black walnut shell necklaces with gemstones embedded in them.  Here are photos of some of her beautiful creations:

Congratulations, Suzette!

Peacemaker’s Procedural Guidelines


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The Brothertown Indian Nation Peacemakers are working on updating their Procedural Guidelines and are looking for input from citizens.  Please see their note and click on the document link at the bottom:
Aquy fellow Citizens and relatives!
  Your Peacemakers are moving to update the GRIEVANCE PROCEDURAL GUIDELINES.  We want you to look over the procedures and offer comments. You have until March 31, 2020 to offer suggestions and comments. You can make your comments through this website or you may contact the Peacemakers directly by emailing us atpeacemakers@brothertownindians.org  We want to be sure that YOUR voice is heard!
Brothertown Indian Nation Peacemakers


Brothertown Stories Wanted

Dear Brothertown friends and family,

I am looking for Brothertown-related stories, photos, thoughts, and memories for an upcoming publication whose working title is “The Collected Stories of the Eeyawquittoowauconnuck or Brothertown Indians”.

Stories are a fundamental part of who we are.  More than just an ageless form of entertainment, stories teach us how to interpret and navigate the world around us.  They teach us what is important to know and help us to define ourselves. Similarly, a nation’s stories help to define that nation’s unique perspectives and history through the highlighting of important cultural beliefs, traditions, historical events and/or citizens.   The telling of its stories helps to ensure the continued success, longevity, and cohesiveness of a nation.  Stories needn’t be long or even necessarily entertaining to accomplish this objective; all they need to do is exemplify something unique pertaining to that nation.

Just as important as the telling of its stories is that a nation tell its own stories.  As much as I love reading about Brothertown by outside authors, we are uniquely qualified to tell our own stories from a Brothertown perspective.  Let’s share with others Brothertown’s unique history, culture, and citizens and preserve our stories, thoughts, and memories for our great grandchildren’s great grandchildren.

EVERY Brothertown descendant is invited to contribute. Maybe you’d like to share something about a particular Brothertown ancestor, event, object, or place?   Maybe you’d like to talk about your involvement in Tribal activities or your thoughts on Brothertown today or your hopes for it tomorrow?  If you’re Brothertown, you have a story, thought, or memory that you can share.

Stories can be in any form:  hard copy or digital, written, photos, drawings, carvings, crafts or whatever you feel is important to share.   Whether you would like to tell your story verbally or visually, I would love to hear it.  Some stories may be shared here on this blog, and/or the Tribal newsletter and it is anticipated that all stories and photos collected will be printed in book format with all profits going towards a Brothertown scholarship(s).  Stories can be any length—from 1 sentence or photo to hundreds.  If you’d like to share a brief memory (such as getting together with Brothertown relatives at Grandma’s house) but don’t think that makes for enough of a story, think again!  ALL memories, thoughts, and stories are welcome.

If you’re just not the sort who likes to write, feel free to leave me a phone number and I’d be happy to call you back and take notes and then write something up and run it past you for your approval.  Please ask your Brothertown relatives to share their stories as well.  Together, we can create a valuable keepsake of important personal and historical stories, photos, thoughts, and memories about and by the Brothertown Indians.  Please help.

To submit your story, ask questions, or leave a phone number please do so here:  submissions/questions 

Thank you,


Remembering Our Veterans

Thank you to all veterans (past, present, and future) who step up and work to make our world a better place. Thank you also to their families who sacrifice so much.

If you were asked to form a mental picture of American soldiers in Iraq, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Korea, World War I or II, the Civil War, or the Revolutionary War, would any of your mental images include Native Americans? If not, all of them should. Native Americans have fought for their country in every single war the US has waged. In fact, Native Americans currently have the highest rate of representation (19%) amongst all ethnicities active in the Armed Forces since 9/11 (veteranaid.org). The Brothertown Indians are no exception and have sent soldiers to fight in every US war.

Following are the names of some of the Brothertown Indians who have served their country:

The Revolutionary War (1775-1783)*:

John Adams

Samuel Adams

Solomon Adams

Timothy Brushel

Andrew Curricomb

Christopher Harry

Joseph Johnson

Daniel Mossuck

James Niles

Thomas Occoom

David Occom

Thomas Patchauker

John Paul

Abraham Simons

Emanual Simons

James Simons

John Skeesuck

Benjamin Toucee

Roger Wauby

The Civil War (1861 – 1865)**:

Arthur Adams

George Baker

George Baldwin

Cyrenus Bostwick

Franklin Bostwick

Henry W.F. Bostwick

George W. Brushel

Samuel Brushel

Erwin C. Bulman

Grisel Bulman

Moses J. Coffeen

Charles Coleman

Thomas M. Commuck

Worthington Commuck

Albert D. Cottrell

John B. Coyhis

Zac Coyhis

Hoel R. Crowell

John Morris DeGroat

Asa D. Dick

Benjamin Dick

Charles W. Dick

David Dick

Edgar Morris Dick

Franklin M. Dick

Hubbard Dick

Jacob Dick

John W. Dick

Lucius C. Dick

Orlando D. Dick

Samuel H. Dick

Merrill Fiddler

Israel Fowler

James D. Fowler

Layton Fowler

Lyman Palmer Fowler

Orin Gridley Fowler

William Fowler

Alexander Hammar

George Hammar

Hamilton Hammar

Henry Hammar

Jarus Hammar

John Hammar

John Hammar

John C. Hammar

James A Hart

Orville Amon Hart

Daniel E. Jacques

Ansel J. Johnson

George A. Johnson

Henry Johnson

Henry C. Johnson

Isaac Johnson

Joseph M. Johnson

Lewis Johnson

Loren Murry Johnson

Melville Johnson

Nathaniel H. Johnson

Orlando F. Johnson

Orin Johnson

Oscar Johnson

Ovondo F. Johnson

William H. Johnson

Melvill Johnson

Thomas G. Keeville

George Kindness

James H. Kindness

Lewis Kindness

Orlander Kindness

Solomon Niles

David Occom-Paul

Benjamin Palmer

Rhodolphus Paul

John Pendelton

Melancthon Peters

William Peters

Henry Potter

William H. Reed

Aaron Roberts

George F. Sampson

James J. Sampson

Joel J. Sampson

Julius J. Sampson

Elisha N. Schooner

Luther O. Schooner

John Sears

David Shelley

Henry F. Shelley

John Shelley

Lewis A. Shelley

Simon Shelley, Jr.

Simon Shelley, Sr.

John Simons

John Skeesuck

James Madison Skeesuck

Rufus Skeesuck

Simon Skeesuck

Solomon Skeesuck

Sylvester Skeesuck

Thomas Tokus

Henry Tousey

Aaron Wauby

Lewis F. Wauby

Charles Welch

Cyrus Welch

Hira Welch

Horace Welch

Leroy Welch

Lewis Welch

Erastus Welch, Jr.

Erastus W. Welch

Syranious Welch

Syreannous Welch

William Welch, Jr.

Eli Wiggins

Hiram Wiggins

Ira D. Wiggins

Leander Wiggins

Martin Wiggins

Son Wiggins

Romance Wyatt


We Keep a Fire For the Dead”
We keep a fire for the dead whose spirits walk before us

Who, shoes exchanged for eagle’s wings, now sing angelic chorus

Though they no longer walk the land in Brothertown today

Our hearts remain forevermore where’er our brethren lay

~Megan Fulopp


*http://brothertownindians.org/image/cache/The_Revolutionary_War_-_WS.pdf; accessed 11/11/19.

**http://brothertownindians.org/image/cache/The_Civil_War_Brothertown_-_WS.pdf; accessed 11/11/19.


It’s Official-Happy Eeyawquittoowauconnuck Day!

November 7, 1785 is the date that the Reverend Samson Occom (Mohegan/Brothertown) recorded in his journal as being the day that the Indians who had emigrated from the 7 towns “formed into a body politick”. Occom tells us that the name that was chosen for the town was Brotherton, or “in Indian, Eeyawquittoowaucconuck”(https://collections.dartmouth.edu/occom/html/diplomatic/785554-diplomatic.html). At their meeting on October 20, 2019, the Brothertown Indian Nation Council passed a resolution to celebrate Eeyawquittowaucconuck/Brothertown Day annually on November 7th.  The institution of this holiday is not only a reminder of Brothertown’s past but is a defining moment for the Tribe’s future and a day that our citizens will be celebrating.

E day

November Council Meeting To Be Broadcast Live

Brothertown citizens will once again be allowed to join the Brothertown Indian Nation Council meeting via the internet on Saturday, November 16 at 10am Central Time.

If you’re a member and did not fill out a verification form last year, please follow this link to do so: https://docs.google.com/forms/d/e/1FAIpQLSffhwOkN5PAj8_mwyNk7v6ZFIidZZ48GCZY0oS6gAH46WDzgw/viewform?usp=sf_link
If you have previously filled out the verification form, there is no need to do so again.  In either case, login information will be emailed to you no later than the week of the meeting.
While all citizens are always welcome and encouraged to attend Council and General Membership meetings in person, due to financial, time, or health-related reasons, that is not always a realistic possibility for the approximately 48% of enrollees who live outside of the state of Wisconsin (2014 Brothertown/ANA Grant Narrative, pp18-20.) or, in some cases, even those in state.  Allowing  citizens to connect via Zoom (which allows phone-ins as well) ensures that everyone has the chance to be involved with the Tribe and with their fellow citizens.  Don’t miss the opportunity!